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Article

Neurodegeneration and Astrogliosis in the Human CA1 Hippocampal Subfield Are Related to hsp90ab1 and bag3 in Alzheimer’s Disease

CRIB, Neuroplasticity and Neurodegeneration Laboratory, Ciudad Real Medical School, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
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Academic Editor: Urszula Wojda
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23(1), 165; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010165
Received: 22 November 2021 / Revised: 19 December 2021 / Accepted: 20 December 2021 / Published: 23 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Mechanisms of Aging-Related Neurodegenerative Diseases)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by executive dysfunction and memory impairment mediated by the accumulation of extracellular amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) and intracellular hyperphosphorylated tau protein. The hippocampus (HIPP) is essential for memory formation and is involved in early stages of disease. In fact, hippocampal atrophy is used as an early biomarker of neuronal injury and to evaluate disease progression. It is not yet well-understood whether changes in hippocampal volume are due to neuronal or glial loss. The aim of the study was to assess hippocampal atrophy and/or gliosis using unbiased stereological quantification and to obtain hippocampal proteomic profiles related to neurodegeneration and gliosis. Hippocampal volume measurement, stereological quantification of NeuN-, Iba-1- and GFAP-positive cells, and sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectrometry (SWATH-MS) analysis were performed in AD and non-AD cases. Reduced hippocampal volume was identified using the Cavalieri probe, particularly in the CA1 region, where it correlated with neuronal loss and astrogliosis. A total of 102 downregulated and 47 upregulated proteins were identified in the SWATH-MS analysis after restrictive filtering based on an FC > 1.5 and p value < 0.01. The Hsp90 family of chaperones, particularly BAG3 and HSP90AB1, are closely related to astrocytes, indicating a possible role in degrading Aβ and tau through chaperone-mediated autophagy. View Full-Text
Keywords: amyloid-β; tau; GFAP; autophagy; cavalieri; optical fractionator; SWATH-MS amyloid-β; tau; GFAP; autophagy; cavalieri; optical fractionator; SWATH-MS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, M.; Villar-Conde, S.; Astillero-Lopez, V.; Villanueva-Anguita, P.; Ubeda-Banon, I.; Flores-Cuadrado, A.; Martinez-Marcos, A.; Saiz-Sanchez, D. Neurodegeneration and Astrogliosis in the Human CA1 Hippocampal Subfield Are Related to hsp90ab1 and bag3 in Alzheimer’s Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2022, 23, 165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010165

AMA Style

Gonzalez-Rodriguez M, Villar-Conde S, Astillero-Lopez V, Villanueva-Anguita P, Ubeda-Banon I, Flores-Cuadrado A, Martinez-Marcos A, Saiz-Sanchez D. Neurodegeneration and Astrogliosis in the Human CA1 Hippocampal Subfield Are Related to hsp90ab1 and bag3 in Alzheimer’s Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2022; 23(1):165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Melania, Sandra Villar-Conde, Veronica Astillero-Lopez, Patricia Villanueva-Anguita, Isabel Ubeda-Banon, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Alino Martinez-Marcos, and Daniel Saiz-Sanchez. 2022. "Neurodegeneration and Astrogliosis in the Human CA1 Hippocampal Subfield Are Related to hsp90ab1 and bag3 in Alzheimer’s Disease" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23, no. 1: 165. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23010165

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