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Bioengineered Skin Intended for Skin Disease Modeling

Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical, Maritime, and Materials Engineering, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Mekelweg 2, Delft 2628CD, The Netherlands
Product Development Group Zurich, Institute of Design, Material and Fabrication, Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), Leonhardstrasse 21, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(6), 1407;
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 15 March 2019 / Accepted: 18 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Materials Science)
PDF [2637 KB, uploaded 27 March 2019]


Clinical use of bioengineered skin in reconstructive surgery has been established for more than 30 years. The limitations and ethical considerations regarding the use of animal models have expanded the application of bioengineered skin in the areas of disease modeling and drug screening. These skin models should represent the anatomical and physiological traits of native skin for the efficient replication of normal and pathological skin conditions. In addition, reliability of such models is essential for the conduction of faithful, rapid, and large-scale studies. Therefore, research efforts are focused on automated fabrication methods to replace the traditional manual approaches. This report presents an overview of the skin models applicable to skin disease modeling along with their fabrication methods, and discusses the potential of the currently available options to conform and satisfy the demands for disease modeling and drug screening. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioengineered skin; biofabrication; skin disease modeling; standardization bioengineered skin; biofabrication; skin disease modeling; standardization

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Sarkiri, M.; Fox, S.C.; Fratila-Apachitei, L.E.; Zadpoor, A.A. Bioengineered Skin Intended for Skin Disease Modeling. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1407.

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