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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(4), 547;

SAAMBE: Webserver to Predict the Charge of Binding Free Energy Caused by Amino Acids Mutations

Computational Biophysics and Bioinformatics, Physics Department, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
Department of Computer Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tatyana Karabencheva-Christova
Received: 12 February 2016 / Revised: 5 April 2016 / Accepted: 7 April 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Human Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Disease Diagnostics)
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Predicting the effect of amino acid substitutions on protein–protein affinity (typically evaluated via the change of protein binding free energy) is important for both understanding the disease-causing mechanism of missense mutations and guiding protein engineering. In addition, researchers are also interested in understanding which energy components are mostly affected by the mutation and how the mutation affects the overall structure of the corresponding protein. Here we report a webserver, the Single Amino Acid Mutation based change in Binding free Energy (SAAMBE) webserver, which addresses the demand for tools for predicting the change of protein binding free energy. SAAMBE is an easy to use webserver, which only requires that a coordinate file be inputted and the user is provided with various, but easy to navigate, options. The user specifies the mutation position, wild type residue and type of mutation to be made. The server predicts the binding free energy change, the changes of the corresponding energy components and provides the energy minimized 3D structure of the wild type and mutant proteins for download. The SAAMBE protocol performance was tested by benchmarking the predictions against over 1300 experimentally determined changes of binding free energy and a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.62 was obtained. How the predictions can be used for discriminating disease-causing from harmless mutations is discussed. The webserver can be accessed via View Full-Text
Keywords: missense mutations; energy calculation; binding free energy; MM/PBSA method missense mutations; energy calculation; binding free energy; MM/PBSA method

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Petukh, M.; Dai, L.; Alexov, E. SAAMBE: Webserver to Predict the Charge of Binding Free Energy Caused by Amino Acids Mutations. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 547.

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