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Open AccessArticle

The Association of ADORA2A and ADORA2B Polymorphisms with the Risk and Severity of Chronic Heart Failure: A Case-Control Study of a Northern Chinese Population

1
Department of Pharmacy, the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China
2
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Emil Alexov
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(2), 2732-2746; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16022732
Received: 18 December 2014 / Accepted: 22 January 2015 / Published: 26 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Human Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Disease Diagnostics)
The causes of chronic heart failure (CHF) and its progression are likely to be due to complex genetic factors. Adenosine receptors A2A and A2B (ADORA2A and ADORA2B, respectively) play an important role in cardio-protection. Therefore, polymorphisms in the genes encoding those receptors may affect the risk and severity of CHF. This study was a case-control comparative investigation of 300 northern Chinese Han CHF patients and 400 ethnicity-matched healthy controls. Four common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ADORA2A (rs2236625, rs2236624, rs4822489, and rs5751876) and one SNP of ADORA2B (rs7208480) were genotyped and an association between SNPs and clinical outcomes was evaluated. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association. The rs4822489 was significantly associated with the severity of CHF after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors (p = 0.040, OR = 1.912, 95% CI = 1.029–3.550). However, the five SNPs as well as the haplotypes were not found to be associated with CHF susceptibility. The findings of this study suggest that rs4822489 may contribute to the severity of CHF in the northern Chinese. However, further studies performed in larger populations and aimed at better defining the role of this gene are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADORA2A; ADORA2B; chronic heart failure; single nucleotide polymorphism; rs4822489 ADORA2A; ADORA2B; chronic heart failure; single nucleotide polymorphism; rs4822489
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhai, Y.-J.; Liu, P.; He, H.-R.; Zheng, X.-W.; Wang, Y.; Yang, Q.-T.; Dong, Y.-L.; Lu, J. The Association of ADORA2A and ADORA2B Polymorphisms with the Risk and Severity of Chronic Heart Failure: A Case-Control Study of a Northern Chinese Population. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 2732-2746.

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