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Molecules 2017, 22(10), 1611;

Acyclic Triterpenoids from Alpinia katsumadai Inhibit IL-6-Induced STAT3 Activation

Immunoregulatory Material Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 181 Ipsin-gil, Jeongeup-si, Jeonbuk 56212, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anti-inflammatory Agents)
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The seeds of Alpinia katsumadai yielded two new acyclic triterpenoids, 2,3,6,22,23-pentahydroxy-2,6,11,15,19,23-hexamethyl-tetracosa-7,10,14,18-tetraene (3) and 2,3,6,22,23-pentahydroxy-2,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-7-methylenetetracosa-10,14,18-triene (4), as well as two known compounds, 2,3,22,23-tertrahydroxy-2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-tetracosa-6,10,14,18-tetraene (1) and 2,3,5,22,23-pentahydroxy-2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-tetracosa-6,10,14,18-tetraene (2). The absolute configurations of 2 and 3, which were determined by means of a modified Mosher’s method, are suggested as (3R; 5S; 22R) and (3R; 22R), respectively. Compounds 14 inhibited IL-6-induced JAK2/STAT3 activity in a dose-dependent fashion, with IC50 values of 0.67, 0.71, 2.18, and 2.99 μM. Moreover, IL-6-stimulated phosphorylation of STAT3 was significantly suppressed in U266 cells by the administration of A. katsumadai EtOH extract and Compounds 1 and 2. These results suggest that major phytochemicals, Compounds 1 and 2, obtained from A. katsumadai may be useful candidates for designing new IL-6 inhibitors as anti-inflammatory agents. View Full-Text
Keywords: Alpinia katsumadai; acyclic triterpenoids; IL-6; STAT3; inflammation Alpinia katsumadai; acyclic triterpenoids; IL-6; STAT3; inflammation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Jang, H.-J.; Lee, S.-J.; Lee, S.; Jung, K.; Lee, S.W.; Rho, M.-C. Acyclic Triterpenoids from Alpinia katsumadai Inhibit IL-6-Induced STAT3 Activation. Molecules 2017, 22, 1611.

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