Next Article in Journal
Icariin Is A PPARα Activator Inducing Lipid Metabolic Gene Expression in Mice
Previous Article in Journal
Antimicrobial Activity of UV-Induced Phenylamides from Rice Leaves
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2014, 19(11), 18152-18178;

Novel Flavonol Glycosides from the Aerial Parts of Lentil (Lens culinaris)

Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation—State Research Institute, ul. Czartoryskich 8, Puławy 24-100, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2014 / Revised: 30 October 2014 / Accepted: 31 October 2014 / Published: 6 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1053 KB, uploaded 6 November 2014]   |  


While the phytochemical composition of lentil (Lens culinaris) seeds is well described in scientific literature, there is very little available data about secondary metabolites from lentil leaves and stems. Our research reveals that the aerial parts of lentil are a rich source of flavonoids. Six kaempferol and twelve quercetin glycosides were isolated, their structures were elucidated using NMR spectroscopy and chemical methods. This group includes 16 compounds which have not been previously described in the scientific literature: quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-galactopyranoside-7-O-β-D-glucuropyranoside (1), kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-galacto-pyranoside-7-O-β-D-glucuropyranoside (3), their derivatives 410,1215,17,18 acylated with caffeic, p-coumaric, ferulic, or 3,4,5-trihydroxycinnamic acid and kaempferol 3-O-{[(6-O-E-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)]-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→6)}-β-D-galactopyranoside-7-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside (11). Their DPPH scavenging activity was also evaluated. This is probably the first detailed description of flavonoids from the aerial parts of lentil. View Full-Text
Keywords: lentil; Lens culinaris; phenolic compounds; flavonoids; NMR lentil; Lens culinaris; phenolic compounds; flavonoids; NMR

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Żuchowski, J.; Pecio, Ł.; Stochmal, A. Novel Flavonol Glycosides from the Aerial Parts of Lentil (Lens culinaris). Molecules 2014, 19, 18152-18178.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top