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Response Surface Methodology Control Rod Position Optimization of a Pressurized Water Reactor Core Considering Both High Safety and Low Energy Dissipation

School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
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Academic Editor: Vincenzo Bianco
Entropy 2017, 19(2), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/e19020063
Received: 30 November 2016 / Revised: 15 January 2017 / Accepted: 6 February 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Applied Thermodynamics II)
Response Surface Methodology (RSM) is introduced to optimize the control rod positions in a pressurized water reactor (PWR) core. The widely used 3D-IAEA benchmark problem is selected as the typical PWR core and the neutron flux field is solved. Besides, some additional thermal parameters are assumed to obtain the temperature distribution. Then the total and local entropy production is calculated to evaluate the energy dissipation. Using RSM, three directions of optimization are taken, which aim to determine the minimum of power peak factor Pmax, peak temperature Tmax and total entropy production Stot. These parameters reflect the safety and energy dissipation in the core. Finally, an optimization scheme was obtained, which reduced Pmax, Tmax and Stot by 23%, 8.7% and 16%, respectively. The optimization results are satisfactory. View Full-Text
Keywords: response surface methodology; neutron diffusion; energy dissipation; entropy production response surface methodology; neutron diffusion; energy dissipation; entropy production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.-N.; Zhang, H.-C.; Yu, H.-Y.; Ma, C. Response Surface Methodology Control Rod Position Optimization of a Pressurized Water Reactor Core Considering Both High Safety and Low Energy Dissipation. Entropy 2017, 19, 63.

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