Maximum Power Output of Quantum Heat Engine with Energy Bath
AbstractThe difference between quantum isoenergetic process and quantum isothermal process comes from the violation of the law of equipartition of energy in the quantum regime. To reveal an important physical meaning of this fact, here we study a special type of quantum heat engine consisting of three processes: isoenergetic, isothermal and adiabatic processes. Therefore, this engine works between the energy and heat baths. Combining two engines of this kind, it is possible to realize the quantum Carnot engine. Furthermore, considering finite velocity of change of the potential shape, here an infinite square well with moving walls, the power output of the engine is discussed. It is found that the efficiency and power output are both closely dependent on the initial and final states of the quantum isothermal process. The performance of the engine cycle is shown to be optimized by control of the occupation probability of the ground state, which is determined by the temperature and the potential width. The relation between the efficiency and power output is also discussed. View Full-Text
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Liu, S.; Ou, C. Maximum Power Output of Quantum Heat Engine with Energy Bath. Entropy 2016, 18, 205.
Liu S, Ou C. Maximum Power Output of Quantum Heat Engine with Energy Bath. Entropy. 2016; 18(6):205.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Shengnan; Ou, Congjie. 2016. "Maximum Power Output of Quantum Heat Engine with Energy Bath." Entropy 18, no. 6: 205.
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