Topic Editors

Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
1. Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
2. San Raffaele Cassino Hospital, 03043 Cassino, Italy
Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L’Aquila, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy

Personality and Individual Differences in Creative Potential and Production across the Life Span

Abstract submission deadline
closed (15 September 2022)
Manuscript submission deadline
closed (15 November 2022)
Viewed by
18613

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the recent past, the scientific community has given a great deal of attention to creativity, emphasizing its pivotal role in supporting and promoting the advancement of knowledge in several areas, including the scientific, social, cultural fields, as well as the individuals’ quality of life and wellbeing at any age. The nature of creativity has been investigated, focusing on both creative potential (e.g., divergent thinking and creative personality) and creative production (e.g., poems, paintings, pieces of music). In light of these two perspectives, the key role of personality and individual differences has not been fully disentangled across the lifespan. On the one hand, temperament, character, gender differences, individual strategies, and abilities may differently affect creative potential and creative production. On the other hand, age may further impact how personality and individual differences contribute to creative potential and production. This Topic encourages submissions focused primarily on research reports (e.g., single-case, longitudinal, cross-sectional, neuroscientific studies) and theoretical papers involving healthy and/or clinical populations. The lifespan perspective is particularly desirable. Target themes related to creativity are the role of personality traits, influences of temperament and character, individual differences in cognitive styles, gender, emotions, motivational mechanisms, self-efficacy, and self-esteem.

Prof. Dr. Simonetta D’Amico
Dr. Massimiliano Palmiero
Prof. Dr. Laura Piccardi
Dr. Marco Giancola
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • personality
  • cognitive styles
  • individual differences
  • creativity
  • creative process and creative product
  • divergent and convergent thinking
  • arts and performance
  • lifespan
  • development
  • gender

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Behavioral Sciences
behavsci
2.6 3.0 2011 21.5 Days CHF 2200
Brain Sciences
brainsci
3.3 3.9 2011 15.6 Days CHF 2200
Children
children
2.4 2.0 2014 13.8 Days CHF 2400
Education Sciences
education
3.0 4.0 2011 24.9 Days CHF 1800
Neuroglia
neuroglia
- - 2018 29.8 Days CHF 1000

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Published Papers (9 papers)

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17 pages, 1796 KiB  
Article
Embracing Thinking Diversity in Higher Education to Achieve a Lifelong Learning Culture
Educ. Sci. 2022, 12(12), 913; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci12120913 - 13 Dec 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2833
Abstract
The Fourth Industrial Revolution requires global, structural, and technological changes in all economic and production fields. The most apparent adaptation requirements fall on Generation Z individuals, who will have more and more responsibilities within organizations. The international reports of the World Economic Forum [...] Read more.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution requires global, structural, and technological changes in all economic and production fields. The most apparent adaptation requirements fall on Generation Z individuals, who will have more and more responsibilities within organizations. The international reports of the World Economic Forum and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development indicate that this training will mainly require a strong development of thinking diversity and lifelong learning skills. This study presents an analysis of the education in these future skills that these individuals will need to work successfully throughout their careers, taking into account the evolution of conditions toward the changes expected in the following years. The methodology used in this research belongs to the field of futures studies. Through strategies in the field of foresight, various scenarios are proposed that involve the expected changes in the short, medium, and long term, both in higher education institutions and in industries and companies, to ensure the adaptation of Generation Z individuals to changes in work, workplace, and workforce. The findings show the strong influence that other skills and attitudes, such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, initiative, emotions, and motivation, have on the capacity for self-managed development throughout professional life. Full article
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9 pages, 249 KiB  
Article
An Online Survey Testing Factorial Invariance of the Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control Scales among Older Couples in Japan and the US
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(11), 429; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12110429 - 01 Nov 2022
Viewed by 1148
Abstract
This study examines the factorial invariance of the Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control (OPS) scale and its associations with subjective well-being among older couples in Japan and the US. To this end, 200 older couples in Japan and 220 in the US [...] Read more.
This study examines the factorial invariance of the Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control (OPS) scale and its associations with subjective well-being among older couples in Japan and the US. To this end, 200 older couples in Japan and 220 in the US were recruited through paid vendors and completed the questionnaire online. Couples were eligible if husbands were 70 years or older and wives were 60 years or older. A six-factor model, in which Compensatory Primary Control was subdivided into two factors, fit the data best; its factorial invariance was confirmed among the four subsamples. Compensatory Secondary Control was more strongly associated with subjective well-being in American couples than in Japanese couples, although the associations between well-being and the other five OPS factors were similar in the two countries. Future research on this six-factor model will be able to examine how these control strategies function in different cultures. Full article
21 pages, 612 KiB  
Article
Entrepreneurial Curiosity, Innovativeness of the Entrepreneur, and Company Growth
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(11), 424; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12110424 - 31 Oct 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1720
Abstract
Researchers have studied entrepreneurial curiosity and innovativeness as determinants of entrepreneurial behavior but have not linked them with company growth in a model. The intention of this enquiry was to examine the associations between the entrepreneur’s psychological constructs of entrepreneurial curiosity and innovativeness [...] Read more.
Researchers have studied entrepreneurial curiosity and innovativeness as determinants of entrepreneurial behavior but have not linked them with company growth in a model. The intention of this enquiry was to examine the associations between the entrepreneur’s psychological constructs of entrepreneurial curiosity and innovativeness and business growth, as examined by the conceptualization and analysis of hypotheses. For this research, data were obtained via a survey questionnaire. The sample consisted of 851 entrepreneurs of companies in three European countries. Each company had 250 workers or fewer. This study contributes to the entrepreneurship knowledge base by presenting empirical testimony on the associations between entrepreneurial curiosity, entrepreneurial innovativeness, and firm growth, as well as presenting advanced cross-nationally analogous measurement instruments of entrepreneurial curiosity and innovativeness. The entrepreneur’s curiosity is important for their innovativeness, and this innovativeness is essential for business growth. Full article
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13 pages, 1827 KiB  
Article
When Does Group Efficacy Deteriorate Group Performance? Implications of Group Competency
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(10), 379; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12100379 - 02 Oct 2022
Viewed by 1564
Abstract
While the social cognitive theory suggests that a group’s efficacy belief enhances its performance, emerging evidence indicates that this relationship is more complex than it appears to be. This study explores the boundary conditions of this relationship using the data of 389 employees [...] Read more.
While the social cognitive theory suggests that a group’s efficacy belief enhances its performance, emerging evidence indicates that this relationship is more complex than it appears to be. This study explores the boundary conditions of this relationship using the data of 389 employees from 41 work groups in a manufacturing company in South Korea. The results show that group efficacy is positively related to group performance and that this relationship is stronger when members are generally incompetent than competent. We also found that a bottleneck, which is operationalized as a group’s minimum competency, in an efficacious group is at least one condition that forms a negative relationship between group efficacy and its performance. Full article
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11 pages, 322 KiB  
Article
Meaningful Work and Satisfaction with Life: A Case Study from a Supported Employment Program—Colombia
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(7), 229; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12070229 - 13 Jul 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1632
Abstract
Work helps to satisfy instrumental and transcendental needs. For people affected by armed conflict, work has an additional value because it helps them overcome the social disadvantage they suffer; however, topics such as meaningful work—MW—have been poorly studied in this type of population. [...] Read more.
Work helps to satisfy instrumental and transcendental needs. For people affected by armed conflict, work has an additional value because it helps them overcome the social disadvantage they suffer; however, topics such as meaningful work—MW—have been poorly studied in this type of population. Based on the above, we propose to analyze the relationship between meaningful work and satisfaction with life in one of the largest private supported employment programs for people involved in the armed conflict in Colombia. To this end, a nonexperimental, quantitative case study was conducted with 62 employees of that employment program. To collect the data, a survey with two measurement scales was administered: Work as Meaning Inventory and Satisfaction with Life Scale. Sociodemographic variables were also obtained. The results demonstrate that meaningful work has a significant effect on satisfaction with life (R2 = 0.28, p < 0.00). We conclude that having meaningful work that provides a sense of belonging, interpersonal connection, and attachment generates greater satisfaction with life in the workers involved in the analyzed program. We also discuss the implications of this research for companies and public policy in Colombia. Full article
14 pages, 1396 KiB  
Article
Self-Reported Psychosomatic Complaints and Conduct Problems in Swedish Adolescents
Children 2022, 9(7), 963; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9070963 - 27 Jun 2022
Viewed by 1572
Abstract
Physical conditions in children and adolescents are often under reported during mainstream school years and may underlie mental health disorders. Additionally, comparisons between younger and older schoolchildren may shed light on developmental differences regarding the way in which physical conditions translate into conduct [...] Read more.
Physical conditions in children and adolescents are often under reported during mainstream school years and may underlie mental health disorders. Additionally, comparisons between younger and older schoolchildren may shed light on developmental differences regarding the way in which physical conditions translate into conduct problems. The aim of the current study was to examine the incidence of psychosomatic complaints (PSC) in young and older adolescent boys and girls who also report conduct problems. A total of 3132 Swedish adolescents (age range 15–18 years, 47% boys) completed the Uppsala Life and Health Cross-Sectional Survey (LHS) at school. The LHS question scores were categorised by two researchers who independently identified questions that aligned with DSM-5 conduct disorder (CD) criteria and PSC. MANOVA assessed the effects of PSC, age, and gender on scores that aligned with the DSM criteria for CD. The main effects of gender, age, and PSC on the conduct problem scores were observed. Adolescents with higher PSC scores had higher conduct problem scores. Boys had higher serious violation of rules scores than girls, particularly older boys with higher PSC scores. Psychosomatic complaints could be a useful objective identifier for children and adolescents at risk of developing conduct disorders. This may be especially relevant when a reliance on a child’s self-reporting of their behavior may not help to prevent a long-term disturbance to their quality of life. Full article
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0 pages, 756 KiB  
Article
The Relationships between Cognitive Styles and Creativity: The Role of Field Dependence-Independence on Visual Creative Production
Behav. Sci. 2022, 12(7), 212; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12070212 - 25 Jun 2022
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 2360
Abstract
Previous studies explored the relationships between field dependent-independent cognitive style (FDI) and creativity, providing misleading and unclear results. The present research explored this problematic interplay through the lens of the Geneplore model, employing a product-oriented task: the Visual Creative Synthesis Task (VCST). The [...] Read more.
Previous studies explored the relationships between field dependent-independent cognitive style (FDI) and creativity, providing misleading and unclear results. The present research explored this problematic interplay through the lens of the Geneplore model, employing a product-oriented task: the Visual Creative Synthesis Task (VCST). The latter requires creating objects belonging to pre-established categories, starting from triads of visual components and consists of two steps: the preinventive phase and the inventive phase. Following the Amabile’s consensual assessment technique, three independent judges evaluated preinventive structures in terms of originality and synthesis whereas inventions were evaluated in terms of originality and appropriateness. The Embedded Figure Test (EFT) was employed in order to measure the individual’s predisposition toward the field dependence or the field independence. Sixty undergraduate college students (31 females) took part in the experiment. Results revealed that field independent individuals outperformed field dependent ones in each of the four VCST scores, showing higher levels of creativity. Results were discussed in light of the better predisposition of field independent individuals in mental imagery, mental manipulation of abstract objects, as well as in using their knowledge during complex tasks that require creativity. Future research directions were also discussed. Full article
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14 pages, 305 KiB  
Article
Family Experiences with the Upbringing and Education of a Child with Congenital Malformations, Focusing on the Conditions of an Inclusive School Environment
Educ. Sci. 2022, 12(5), 362; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci12050362 - 22 May 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1868
Abstract
The birth of a child with congenital malformation and serious illness impacts the experiences of all family members and the educational process, but there are only rare descriptions of such cases in the literature. The aim of this study is to understand better [...] Read more.
The birth of a child with congenital malformation and serious illness impacts the experiences of all family members and the educational process, but there are only rare descriptions of such cases in the literature. The aim of this study is to understand better the lived experiences of a Czech family who have a child with congenital malformations with a focus on his education in an inclusive environment. The study is based on van Manen’s methodology and autobiographic (or semi-structured) interviews with Karl (19), his mother (46), and his father (49). Data were analyzed for every participant separately: the mother—repeated challenges associated with increasing new health complications, discomfort of son, school support, the future, optimism, and gratefulness; the father—comprehensive support of the son, including all family; Karl—concealment of disability, difficulties associated with disability, participation, school support, relationship with peers, and the future. Based on the results of this case study, for the education of students with congenital malformation and illness, we recommend including parents, healthcare professionals, and school staff in the mutual teamwork; adapting the timetables and spatial arrangements at school; and coordinating the educational process with necessary interventions. Full article
9 pages, 989 KiB  
Article
Do Intellectually Gifted Children Show Similar Physical Habits, Physical Fitness Levels and Self-Perceived Body Image Than Typically Developed Children?
Children 2022, 9(5), 718; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9050718 - 13 May 2022
Viewed by 1901
Abstract
Scientific evidence regarding whether intellectually gifted children show similar physical activity habits and physical fitness levels in comparison to typically developed children, is inconclusive. This is in part due to the scant research that has directly compared both groups of people. In this [...] Read more.
Scientific evidence regarding whether intellectually gifted children show similar physical activity habits and physical fitness levels in comparison to typically developed children, is inconclusive. This is in part due to the scant research that has directly compared both groups of people. In this study, physical activity prevalence, self-perceived and objectively assessed physical fitness levels, and body image were assessed in a sample of 74 intellectually gifted children (mean age 11.6 ± 1.2 years). Seventy-four non-gifted children matched by age and sex were selected as a comparison cohort. Results indicated that both groups showed similar self-perceived and objectively assessed fitness levels. Physical activity habits were also similar, although significant differences were observed indicating that intellectually gifted girls were less active in comparison with non-gifted girls. Both cohorts perceived their body image accurately, although intellectually gifted children were much more satisfied with their physical appearance. Full article
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