The Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)
A special issue of Pathogens (ISSN 2076-0817).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 December 2021) | Viewed by 22017
The Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are a group of diseases mainly caused by virus, bacteria, protozoa or helminthes, although some non-infectious diseases such as snake-bite envenoming have been recently included in the list. The NTDs affect the most vulnerable populations, primarily in low socio-economic countries (one billion people annually), generating a negative impact on the quality of life of affected populations and contributing to the cycle of poverty.
Since 2010, a substantial progress has been made in the control and elimination of most NTDs. For example, the incidence of dracunculiasis has decreased dramatically being close to eradication, and the number of cases of Human African Trypanosomiasis is now lower than 1000 new patients per year in endemic areas. However, other diseases, such as cysticercosis, are still far from elimination parameters.
This unprecedented progress in the last decades can be impacted by a number of unforeseen circumstances such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, conflict, environmental changes or antimicrobial resistance that should be taken into account when implementing control and elimination strategies.
Research and innovation are essential to overcome these challenges ahead and achieve the current targets of WHO for 2030. Research activities should include operational and implementation research, evaluating new diagnostics, preventive and treatment approaches, not forgetting the behavioral and social aspects of the endemic communities. Innovation is a key element for the future and should include and adapt new enabling technologies such as molecular epidemiology, spatial epidemiology, mathematical modeling, data science, artificial intelligence or digital health to countries where NTDs are endemic.
Dr. Jose Muñoz Gutiérrez
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- Neglected Tropical Diseases
- Control and elimination
- antimicrobial resistance