Special Issue "Plankton Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea"
A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Biodiversity and Functionality of Aquatic Ecosystems".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2022) | Viewed by 2417
Interests: zooplankton; gelatinous zooplankton; taxonomy; ecology; climate change
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
The Mediterranean Sea is a semienclosed marine biodiversity hotspot, and of the mature biomes, it is probably one of the most sensitive to global warming; it is also particularly susceptible to biological invasions. In addition to the potential for species influx through the Straits of Gibraltar, the construction of the Suez Canal has led to the introduction of a number of tropical and subtropical species from the Red Sea. In general, plankton distribution is strongly influenced by hydrological features and water mass advection. Hydrographic dynamics also influence the probability of establishment and population dynamics of newcomers. Therefore, plankton assemblages in the Mediterranean have proved to be good indicators of environmental changes, such as changes in thermohaline circulation, which are sensitive to ongoing climate change and global warming. The Mediterranean Sea contains a wide range of plankton whose environmental preferences and functional roles remain to be fully determined. A reliable plankton surveys at species level is a critical tool for tracking changes in biodiversity hotspots, such as the Mediterranean basin.
In this volume, topics related to ecology and plankton diversity will be presented, including integrative taxonomy (genetical and morphological approach), which can ensure the consistent discrimination of species—even closely related, cryptic, and rare species—as well as the discovery of new species. Furthermore, plankton species composition and distribution as a proxy of ocean conditions and physical processes, spatio-temporal distribution and biogeography as well as interactions with human activities, such as environmental/climatic changes, will also be incuded.
Dr. Mirna Batistic
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- integrative taxonomy
- nonindigenous species
- environmental changes
- climate changes
- Mediterranean Sea