Special Issue "Advanced Research in Groundwater Geochemistry"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrogeology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 February 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Jeonghoon Lee
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Science Education (Earth Sciences) at Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
Interests: isotopic evolution of meltwater; moisture transport with water vapor isotopes; glaciology; groundwater geochemistry
Prof. Dr. Giehyeon Lee
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Earth System Sciences, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
Interests: mechanisms and pathways of geochemical water–rock interactions under diverse environmental conditions and engineered systems—redox kinetics, mineral dissolution/ precipitation, solid-phase transformation etc.

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The growing interest in both water and chemical cycles leads to the creation of new hydrogeochemical approaches, such as new chemical analysis methods, laboratory experiments, and models. From precipitation to groundwater, their isotopic and chemical compositions can reveal diverse physical and chemical processes (the flow path of groundwater, chemical weathering, contaminant transport, etc.). Recently, hydrogeochemical processes under diverse environmental conditions from extremely cold to hot and from humid to dry conditions have obtained the highest attention with respect to climate change.

In this Special Issue dedicated to “Advanced Research in Groundwater Geochemistry”, it is our pleasure to invite the submission of original papers dealing with:

  1. Water–rock interactions for solute transport;
  2. Chemical cycles with non-traditional stable isotopes;
  3. Isotope transport models;
  4. Stable oxygen isotopes of sulfate, nitrate, and phosphate;
  5. Combined studies of model, column (batch) experiments, and in situ for the fate of solute concentration.

We expect the advanced studies of groundwater geochemistry to help us increase our understanding of these physical and chemical processes with a new perspective.

Prof. Dr. Jeonghoon Lee
Prof. Dr. Giehyeon Lee
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • non-traditional stable isotopes
  • water–rock interactions
  • stable isotopes of water, carbonates, nitrates, sulfate, and phosphate
  • solute transport in groundwater
  • isotopic transport modeling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Assessment of Complex Terminal Groundwater Aquifer for Different Use of Oued Souf Valley (Algeria) Using Multivariate Statistical Methods, Geostatistical Modeling, and Water Quality Index
Water 2021, 13(11), 1609; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111609 - 07 Jun 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 928
Abstract
This research aims to assess the hydrogeochemical evolution of the groundwater in Oued souf valley for drinking and irrigation purposes. To achieve this, 49 groundwater samples from the complex terminal were examined and treated concurrently with multivariate statistical methods, geostatistical modeling and the [...] Read more.
This research aims to assess the hydrogeochemical evolution of the groundwater in Oued souf valley for drinking and irrigation purposes. To achieve this, 49 groundwater samples from the complex terminal were examined and treated concurrently with multivariate statistical methods, geostatistical modeling and the WQI (water quality index). Focusing on the physico-chemical parameters, Q mode clustering analysis detected four major water groups, where the mineralization augmented from group 1 to group 4. The hydro-chemical type was the same, Ca-Mg-Cl-SO4 for all the groups. Calcite, dolomite, anhydrite, and gypsum would be the dominant reactions with the undersaturation of evaporates minerals, based on geochemical modeling, while the carbonate minerals are precipitating. Geostatistical analysis using ordinary Kriging demonstrated the exponential semi-variogram model fitted for EC (electrical conductivity), Ca2+ (calcium), Mg2+ (magnesium), K+ (potassium), HCO3 (bicarbonate), Cl (chloride), and SO42− (sulfate). At the same time, the rational quadratic model was the best-fitted semi-variogram model for Na+ (sodium) and NO3 (nitrate). EC, SO42−, and NO3 have a strong spatial structure, while Ca2+, Na+, K+, and HCO3 have a moderate spatial structure. Moreover, there was a weak spatial structure for Mg2+ and Cl. The WQI shows that CT (complex terminal groundwater aquifers) are not suitable for drinking and their quality for irrigation fluctuates from excellent to moderate quality. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Research in Groundwater Geochemistry)
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