Special Issue "Coronaviruses and Water under the One Health Perspective"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Quality and Contamination".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 July 2021) | Viewed by 10851

Special Issue Editor

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Porto, Matosinhos, Portugal
Interests: One Health; public health; microbial ecology; environment; water resources
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Coronaviruses are non-cellular organisms infecting animal cells in order to reproduce. They have been around for hundreds of thousands of years, with known reservoirs in SE Asia and the Middle East. In the first 20 years of the present century, three major epidemics have occurred, the current one being the most severe, affecting humans worldwide. The CoVs cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe maladies, potentially leading to death. The ongoing SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, commonly known as COVID-19, results from a virus not previously identified in humans. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 in water and wastewater is possible, but we are far from understanding the role of the environment (including the aquatic) in the virus ecology and survival strategies. Additionally, the detection of the virus in sewage, apart from being an input route for new genetic material to environmental microbes, could be used as an early alert tool for further outbreaks. Therefore, under an integrated One Health approach, potential water-based non-traditional routes of transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (i.e., apart from respiratory and contact routes) should be considered, acknowledging the potential link between the environment and the clinical context. Combating COVID-19 without clean water is an additional burden for the daily life of 40% of the population of the planet. Therefore, the development of immediate strategies for drinking water, washing facilities, and sewage disposal for the future is a must, and this opportunity should not be wasted.

Prof. Dr. Adriano A. Bordalo
Guest Editor

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  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • virus survival
  • water
  • clean water
  • drinking water
  • wastewater
  • water treatment
  • One Health

Published Papers (1 paper)

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On the Coronaviruses and Their Associations with the Aquatic Environment and Wastewater
Water 2020, 12(6), 1598; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061598 - 04 Jun 2020
Cited by 33 | Viewed by 9854
The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), a severe respiratory disease caused by betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2, in 2019 that further developed into a pandemic has received an unprecedented response from the scientific community and sparked a general research interest into the biology and ecology [...] Read more.
The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), a severe respiratory disease caused by betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2, in 2019 that further developed into a pandemic has received an unprecedented response from the scientific community and sparked a general research interest into the biology and ecology of Coronaviridae, a family of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses. Aquatic environments, lakes, rivers and ponds, are important habitats for bats and birds, which are hosts for various coronavirus species and strains and which shed viral particles in their feces. It is therefore of high interest to fully explore the role that aquatic environments may play in coronavirus spread, including cross-species transmissions. Besides the respiratory tract, coronaviruses pathogenic to humans can also infect the digestive system and be subsequently defecated. Considering this, it is pivotal to understand whether wastewater can play a role in their dissemination, particularly in areas with poor sanitation. This review provides an overview of the taxonomy, molecular biology, natural reservoirs and pathogenicity of coronaviruses; outlines their potential to survive in aquatic environments and wastewater; and demonstrates their association with aquatic biota, mainly waterfowl. It also calls for further, interdisciplinary research in the field of aquatic virology to explore the potential hotspots of coronaviruses in the aquatic environment and the routes through which they may enter it. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coronaviruses and Water under the One Health Perspective)
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