Nanoparticles Toxicity and Impacts on Biodiversity
A special issue of Toxics (ISSN 2305-6304).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2019) | Viewed by 24274
Interests: fate and effect assessment of nanomaterials; development and predictive models for estimation of fate and effect properties of chemical substances; implementation of bioavailability risk assessment
Engineering materials at the nanoscale not only bring the promise of radical technological development but also safety challenges. The effects of nanoparticles on humans and the environment are complex and vary in dependence of the intrinsic properties of the particles, the extrinsic properties of the environment, and the properties of the individual biota and ecological communities exposed. It is the aim of this Special Issue to present the current scientific progress within the field of nanoparticle toxicity assessment and the assessment of impacts of nanoparticles on biodiversity in the widest senses. Consequently, no restrictions are in place regarding, for instance, the types of nanoparticles investigated, endpoints of toxicity assessment, environmental compartment, and timescales of assessment (acute versus chronic toxicity assessment). As nanoparticle toxicity is, to a large extent, impacted by particle fate, considerations of fate assessments of particles are also of key interest.
Finally, it is to be noted that modeling of nanoparticle fate and effects is an issue that will be touched on. In this sense, both the development of models capable of predicting nanoparticle fate and toxic effects are of relevance, as well as approaches towards safer-by-design, categorization, grouping and read across of nanoparticles, as well as models allowing for extrapolation across biological species and ecological scales. After all, not all organisms and all ecosystems can be tested for harmful effects from nanomaterials and extrapolation across species, particles and types of ecosystems is therefore essential. To improve ecological realism, approaches towards assessing actual impacts on biodiversity in ‘real’ ecosystems will also be considered.
Prof. Dr. Willie Peijnenburg
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- Risk assessment