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Studies on Thermal and Daylight Environment of Sustainable Buildings

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Green Building".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 July 2023) | Viewed by 7662

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Building Environment and Energy Application Engineering, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
Interests: building energy savings; building integrated photovoltaics; thermal comfort evaluation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Built Environment & Energy Efficient Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
Interests: efficient utilization of solar spectrum; high performance window system; dynamic light environment for comfort and health

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Guest Editor
Institute of Heat Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: building physics; heat and mass transfer in buildings (modelling, simulation, analysis); energy performance of buildings and HVAC systems; renewable energy systems in buildings; multi-criteria optimization of the buildings and internal systems in buildings
Institute of building environment and energy, China academy of building research, Beijing 100013, China
Interests: zero energy building; district heating and cooling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Sustainable building technologies, such as near-zero energy buildings, have received increasing attention in recent years,due to their advantages in reducing the energy consumption of buildings, as well as carbon emissions. In the sustainable building technology system, the performance of the building envelope not only determines the energy-saving effect of the building, to a large extent, but also has an important impact on the indoor environment. For example, passive wall energy-saving technologies, such as Trombe walls, as well as active exterior window energy-saving technologies, such as semi-transparent photovoltaic curtain walls, will directly affect indoor thermal and daylight environments, and have become some of the hotspots in the current  research related to sustainable buildings.

This Special Issue aims to collect papers on the research of thermal and daylight environments of sustainable buildings. An in-depth discussion of the issues will encourage all researchers to contribute improved original papers and high-quality review articles about, but not limited to, the following:

  • Heat and moisture transfer process of the wall and its impact on the indoor thermal environment;
  • Thermal and daylight performance for PV windows or other window systems;
  • Thermal performance for infrared reflective/emissive layer or transparent materials;
  • Shading, daylighting and lighting design;

The papers selected for this Special Issue will be subjected to a rigorous peer-review procedure, with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

Prof. Dr. Yuanda Cheng
Prof. Dr. Peng Xue
Dr. Hanna Jędrzejuk
Dr. Ji Li
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • thermal environment
  • daylight environment
  • thermal insulation
  • sustainable materials
  • PV windows
  • building performance
  • energy savings

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

15 pages, 1147 KiB  
Article
Research on Envelope Thermal Performance of Ultra-Low Energy Rural Residential Buildings in China
by Qinqin Deng, Shengnan Zhang, Ming Shan and Ji Li
Sustainability 2023, 15(8), 6931; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15086931 - 20 Apr 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1130
Abstract
Rural energy consumption plays an important role in energy consumption due to the improvement of rural residents’ living quality requirements in China. Ultra-low energy rural residential buildings are proposed to decrease rural energy consumption. First of all, this paper aims to provide the [...] Read more.
Rural energy consumption plays an important role in energy consumption due to the improvement of rural residents’ living quality requirements in China. Ultra-low energy rural residential buildings are proposed to decrease rural energy consumption. First of all, this paper aims to provide the definition of ultra-low energy rural residential buildings, which is to reduce 50% of the building energy consumption of the rural residential benchmark building according to the Chinese standard for energy efficiency of rural residential buildings. Secondly, this paper presents the heat transfer coefficients of building envelopes of ultra-low energy rural residential buildings in the severe cold zone, cold zone and hot summer and cold winter zone in China. Based on optimized design and simulation analysis, the heat transfer coefficients of building envelopes are determined by the construction cost, energy efficiency and retrofit feasibility. Thirdly, the suitable combination of a high-performance external wall and internal wall is recommended based on carbon emission and cost efficiency. As an achievement, a technical specification for ultra-low energy rural buildings has been proposed by the China Academy of Building Research. It is beneficial to design ultra-low energy rural residential buildings in China and other countries. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies on Thermal and Daylight Environment of Sustainable Buildings)
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13 pages, 1697 KiB  
Article
Effect Evaluation of Large-Scale Energy Saving Renovation of Rural Buildings in Beijing and Implications for Other Cities in the Same Zone
by Qinqin Deng, Ming Shan, Guangchuan Zhang, Shengnan Zhang, Yanqing Liu and Xudong Yang
Sustainability 2023, 15(6), 5580; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15065580 - 22 Mar 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1258
Abstract
Compared with that in cities, energy efficiency of rural houses is lagging behind, with high total energy consumption, low efficiency and poor indoor thermal environment. Beijing is the first area to promote the energy-saving renovation of existing rural buildings on a large scale, [...] Read more.
Compared with that in cities, energy efficiency of rural houses is lagging behind, with high total energy consumption, low efficiency and poor indoor thermal environment. Beijing is the first area to promote the energy-saving renovation of existing rural buildings on a large scale, systematically, at the whole-city level in China. Through government symposiums, field surveys, simulation analysis and other research methods in this article, the implementation scheme and policy system for the energy-saving renovation of rural buildings in Beijing were sorted out, analyzed and evaluated. The following conclusions are drawn: Beijing has completed energy-saving renovations of more than 1 million rural households; the average energy-saving rate of the thermal insulation renovation of rural houses in Beijing is about 30.0%; the average room temperature has increased by 2.6 °C after the renovation; Beijing can achieve the annual energy conservation of 590,000 tons of standard coal by the end of 2016 after the insulation renovation work of 710,000 rural houses. Beijing’s experience with the energy-saving renovation of rural building envelopes should lead to further analysis, verification and optimization in other similar climatic zones, and the average energy-saving rate in the promoted cities can achieve 30.0% above. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies on Thermal and Daylight Environment of Sustainable Buildings)
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23 pages, 14383 KiB  
Article
Comprehensive Carbon Emission and Economic Analysis on Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings in Different Regions of China
by Yiting Kang, Jianlin Wu, Shilei Lu, Yashuai Yang, Zhen Yu, Haizhu Zhou, Shangqun Xie, Zheng Fu, Minchao Fan and Xiaolong Xu
Sustainability 2022, 14(16), 9834; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14169834 - 09 Aug 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1457
Abstract
Considering the comprehensive effect of building carbon emissions, cost savings is of great significance in nearly-zero-energy buildings (NZEBs). Previous research mostly focused on studying the impact of technical measures in pilot projects. The characteristics of different cities or climate zones have only been [...] Read more.
Considering the comprehensive effect of building carbon emissions, cost savings is of great significance in nearly-zero-energy buildings (NZEBs). Previous research mostly focused on studying the impact of technical measures in pilot projects. The characteristics of different cities or climate zones have only been considered in a few studies, and the selection of cities is often limited. At times, only one city is considered in each climate zone. Therefore, this study selected 15 cities to better cover climate zone characteristics according to the variation in weather and solar radiation conditions. A pilot NZEB project was chosen as the research subject, in which the energy consumption was monitored and compared across different categories using simulated values by EnergyPlus software. Various NZEB technologies were considered, such as the high-performance building envelope, the fresh air heat recovery unit (FAHRU), demand-controlled ventilation (DCV), a high-efficiency HVAC and lighting system, daylighting, and photovoltaic (PV). The simulated carbon emission intensities in severe cold, cold, and hot summer and cold winter (HSCW) climate zones were 21.97 kgCO2/m2, 19.60 kgCO2/m2, and 15.40 kgCO2/m2, respectively. The combined use of various NZEB technologies resulted in incremental costs of 998.86 CNY/m2, 870.61 CNY/m2, and 656.58 CNY/m2. The results indicated that the HSCW region had the best carbon emission reduction potential and cost-effectiveness when adopting NZEB strategies. Although the incremental cost of passive strategies produced by the envelope system is higher than active strategies produced by the HVAC system and lighting system, the effect of reducing the building’s heating load is a primary and urgent concern. The findings may provide a reference for similar buildings in different climate zones worldwide. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies on Thermal and Daylight Environment of Sustainable Buildings)
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22 pages, 6175 KiB  
Article
A Study on Parametric Design Method for Optimization of Daylight in Commercial Building’s Atrium in Cold Regions
by Yibing Xue and Wenhan Liu
Sustainability 2022, 14(13), 7667; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14137667 - 23 Jun 2022
Cited by 17 | Viewed by 3000
Abstract
With the development of urbanization, more and more commercial buildings are built in cities, which is resulting in a large amount of building energy consumption that threatens the ecological environment of the earth. Lighting energy in commercial buildings occupies a large proportion of [...] Read more.
With the development of urbanization, more and more commercial buildings are built in cities, which is resulting in a large amount of building energy consumption that threatens the ecological environment of the earth. Lighting energy in commercial buildings occupies a large proportion of consumption, and improving the quality of natural daylight in commercial atriums is of great significance for building energy efficiency as well as improving indoor comfort. This paper proposes a method for optimizing the daylight quality of commercial atriums. Starting from the perspective of parametric design, this paper investigates the current status and theoretical research on the natural daylight of commercial atriums in cold regions, taking Jinan, China, as an example. Dynamic daylight and glare simulations were performed using Rhino + Grasshopper and Ladybug + Honeybee for every design parameter in the system, followed by correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis using SPSS to determine the degree of influence of each design parameter on the daylight quality of the atrium. Based on the results of the above analysis, the multi-objective optimization plug-in Octopus is used to find the combination of design parameters that can achieve the best indoor daylight. The results show that among a total of fourteen atrium design parameters, seven of them are significantly correlated with atrium daylight, and after regression analysis, it is found that the atrium design parameters affect the atrium daylight and glare in the following order: Skylight VT, Skylight ratio, Atrium inclination, Fabric coverage, Fabric VT, Wall reflectivity, Roof reflectivity. The optimal design parameters for commercial atrium daylight quality are obtained according to the Pareto front solution set, which provides some reference and ideas for improving the optimization of commercial atrium daylight in cold regions of China. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies on Thermal and Daylight Environment of Sustainable Buildings)
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