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Special Issue "Natural, Environmental and Anthropic Hazards of Cultural Heritage"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainability of Culture and Heritage".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 October 2018)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Alessandra Bonazza

National Research Council, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (CNR-ISAC)
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Heritage Science; Building Material Characterization; Pollution Impact; Climate Change; Natural and Man-Made Disasters; Resilience; Cultural Heritage Protection; Terraced Landscapes; Archaeological sites; Monumental Complexes

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The purpose of this special Issues is to show progress regarding current relevant research and initiatives on Cultural Heritage Risk Management in the framework of natural and anthropic hazards. In particular, this Special Issue of the peer-reviewed international journal Sustainability aims to increase the awareness, need and requirement of stakeholders and policy makers who are involved in disaster risk reduction processes to become more integrated in their overall approach and ameliorating intentions.

The protection of Cultural Heritage in the face of global change is increasingly becoming a major concern for decision-makers, stakeholders and citizens worldwide. Disasters and catastrophes greatly impact on the future wellbeing of our heritage assets, with each incident diminishing their cultural significance, historic, physical and artistic value to some degree or other. Such events also pose a significant threat to the safety of occupant and users and, inevitably, directly and adversely affect the livelihood of local communities.

Research into assets at risk, exposure, methodologies and tools for adaptation capacity and strategies is therefore urgently needed to safeguard and preserve Cultural Heritage, both tangible and related intangible aspects, against continuous decay.

This Special Issue aims to explore sustainable methodologies, tool and strategies for resilience strengthening of Cultural Heritage at risk in an interdisciplinary and multi-sectorial approach.

Prof. Dr. Alessandra Bonazza
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Built Heritage
  • Cultural Landscape
  • Preparedness/recovery strategies
  • Environmental impact
  • Field exposure tests
  • Vulnerability Indicators for Cultural Heritage at risk
  • Measures in emergency situation
  • Early warning
  • Geohazards
  • Coastal archeological sites
  • Deterioration monitoring
  • Future scenarios
  • Damage modelling
  • Reconstruction of historic areas
  • Resilience enhancement
  • Participatory approach
  • Citizen involvement
  • Multi-risk assessment and prioritisation

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Case Study on Slope Stability Changes Caused by Earthquakes—Focusing on Gyeongju 5.8 ML EQ
Sustainability 2018, 10(10), 3441; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103441
Received: 16 July 2018 / Revised: 28 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
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Abstract
Slope failure is a natural hazard occurring around the world and can lead to severe damage of properties and loss of lives. Even in stabilized slopes, changes in external loads, such as those from earthquakes, may cause slope failure and collapse, generating social
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Slope failure is a natural hazard occurring around the world and can lead to severe damage of properties and loss of lives. Even in stabilized slopes, changes in external loads, such as those from earthquakes, may cause slope failure and collapse, generating social impacts and, eventually causing loss of lives. In this research, the slope stability changes caused by the Gyeongju earthquake, which occurred on 12 September 2016, are numerically analyzed in a slope located in the Gyeongju area, South Korea. Slope property data, collected through an on-site survey, was used in the analysis. Additionally, slope stability changes with and without the earthquake were analyzed and compared. The analysis was performed within a peak ground acceleration (PGA) range of 0.0 (g)–2.0 (g) to identify the correlation between the slope safety factor and peak ground acceleration. The correlation between the slope safety factor and peak ground acceleration could be used as a reference for performing on-site slope stability evaluations. It also provides a reference for design and earthquake stability improvements in the slopes of road and tunnel construction projects, thus supporting the attainment of slope stability in South Korea. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural, Environmental and Anthropic Hazards of Cultural Heritage)
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Open AccessArticle Decision Making Based on Benefit-Costs Analysis: Costs of Preventive Retrofit versus Costs of Repair after Earthquake Hazards
Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1537; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051537
Received: 31 March 2018 / Revised: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 9 May 2018 / Published: 11 May 2018
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Abstract
The reduction of seismic risk through the retrofitting of historic buildings serves catastrophe management. In the application of such measures, actors from the spheres of the passive public, experts, as well as active affected people, are involved. The focus of this work is
[...] Read more.
The reduction of seismic risk through the retrofitting of historic buildings serves catastrophe management. In the application of such measures, actors from the spheres of the passive public, experts, as well as active affected people, are involved. The focus of this work is on planning management in the expert area, with a detailed view on the decision space between goals, means, benefits and costs. Buildings of a typology were modelled, and the models translated using a finite elements software with fibre-based modelling of plasticity. The concept of retrofit elements was developed, in order to connect building surveys, construction management, structural simulations, and costs computation based on devices, all related to these retrofit elements. With a view to the general methodology, in order to compare the costs for repairs to buildings after an earthquake with the costs associated with preventive retrofitting of an undamaged building, several cases were considered: damages on a non-retrofitted building, damages on retrofitted building, retrofitting on an undamaged building, retrofitting on a pre-damaged building, and the subsequent damages in an earthquake for the last two. The innovative part of this research lies in the use of the tension-elongation approach to models of building size. Such an analysis allows not only the description of ways of collapsing and the setting of limit states, but also exactly the specific amount and position of the structural members which fail in certain performance criteria. This type of results can form the basis for interdisciplinary studies, such as economic efficiency studies. The method was applied for early reinforced concrete buildings, which are common in Bucharest, Romania, in a deterministic method which takes into account recorded earthquakes. In conclusion, depending on the size of an earthquake, the timing and extent of the retrofit to be applied differ, if we are to obtain cost savings in preventive retrofitting compared to post-earthquake repair. This is presented through a range of costs curves. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural, Environmental and Anthropic Hazards of Cultural Heritage)
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