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Technology for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Water Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 4445

Special Issue Editors

Aquacutlure and Fisheries Group, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Interests: aquaculture wastewater treatment; fish nutrition; host-microbe interactions; microbial ecology

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Guest Editor
Fisheries College, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
Interests: marine culture wastes/wastewater treatment; fish welfare; aquacultural engineering

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Guest Editor
College of Fisheries, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
Interests: fish ecophysiology; environmental stress; fish growth; freshwater aquaculture; fish ecology
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food production sector and has become the main source of aquatic food, surpassing the wild capture from inland and marine waters. Therefore, the sustainable development of aquaculture is crucial for global food security and poverty reduction. Over recent decades, the global expansion of aquaculture is largely owing to the intensification of the production system and large input of fish feed, which could cause a detrimental impact on the environment. Aquaculture production still needs to be increased to meet the demand from the growing population but facing the problems from environmental pressure and source constrain. In this context, the application of sustainable production systems, improvement in feed efficiency and waste valorization, and better management of aquatic animal health are encouraged to embrace the sustainable development of the aquaculture industry. The present Special Issue aims to publish the latest research papers that seek technologies to address the environmental impact of aquaculture from the following topics:

  • System engineering for waste treatment;
  • Biotechnology for nutrients (i.e N and P) recovery and valorization;
  • Reducing emissions and footprints of aquaculture;
  • Alternative fish feed ingredients to replace fish meal;
  • Improving feed utilization and fish nutrition;
  • Fish health and welfare management.

Other topics that are closely related to the management and perspective on sustainable development of aquaculture are also of interest.

Dr. Yale Deng
Prof. Dr. Xian Li
Prof. Dr. Dapeng Li
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • environmental footprints
  • sustainable production system
  • waste valorization
  • nutrient recovery
  • animal welfare

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

19 pages, 4349 KiB  
Article
Assessment of Environmental Impact of Aquaculture Ponds in the Western Delta Region of Andhra Pradesh
by T. Vamsi Nagaraju, Sunil B. Malegole, Babloo Chaudhary and Gobinath Ravindran
Sustainability 2022, 14(20), 13035; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142013035 - 12 Oct 2022
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 3849
Abstract
Aquaculture is persistent and well-established in the delta region of Andhra Pradesh. In recent years, the expansion of aquaculture has conferred positive economic growth in the newly formed state. However, the enormous development of aqua ponds increases the effluents from aquaculture which contain [...] Read more.
Aquaculture is persistent and well-established in the delta region of Andhra Pradesh. In recent years, the expansion of aquaculture has conferred positive economic growth in the newly formed state. However, the enormous development of aqua ponds increases the effluents from aquaculture which contain various chemical compounds that can cause negative impacts when released into the environment. This paper presents the effect of unengineered aquaculture on the environment in the delta region of Andhra Pradesh. The expansion rate of aquaculture practice in the delta region has been carried out using remote sensing and a geospatial information system. An experimental investigation was carried out on soil and water samples collected from the aquaculture ponds to evaluate the water quality parameters and soil characterization. Analysis of the geotechnical properties and microstructure was carried out to determine the interaction between the soil and the aquaculture contaminants. Based on the geospatial data and field survey, the aquaculture practice in the delta region of Andhra Pradesh was intensive and extended towards the northeast from the southwest. Between 2016 and 2020, aquaculture practice significantly increased by 6.08%. Moreover, the water quality parameters and pond bottom soil showed a higher concentration of ammonia and nitrates. Further, aquaculture leachate may interact with the subsoil and have a negative impact on soil mineralogy and hydraulic conductivity. The extensive experimental data and field surveys reveal that adequate guidelines are needed to control the pollution load on the ecosystem. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technology for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture)
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