Special Issue "Obesity, Diet and Exercise"

A special issue of Sports (ISSN 2075-4663).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Cassandra Forsythe York

Physical Education & Human Performance, Central Connecticut State University, 1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, CT 06050, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: weight loss; nutrition and exercise for women; amenorrhea; gut health; mental wellness
Guest Editor
Prof. Matthew Orange

Physical Education & Human Performance, Central Connecticut State University, 1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, CT 06050, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: cancer progression and diagnosis; cell and tissue repair; standard measures of strength and endurance performance; general wellness

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues 

Overweight and obesity have the potential to be a largely preventable risk factor for chronic disease, yet persist as an epidemic across all lifestages and most countries in our world. A consquence of several factors, including unhealthy lifestyle choices, poor mental health and wellness, negative social influences, sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and lack of access to physical activity opportunities, its complex, multifactorial nature makes prevention incredibly challenging. This Special Issue will examine successful dietary and exercise interventions to mitigate and control overweight and obesity, while including all possiblities and excuding none. Considering that there are many ways to approach this problem, all successful means to reduce and maintain weight loss in overweight and obesity will be acknowledged and accepted. We welcome submission of data using animal and human models. Reviews and original work will be considered for publication.

Prof. Cassandra Forsythe York
Prof. Matthew Orange
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sports is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Weight Loss
  • Physical Activity
  • Supplements
  • Calorie Restriction
  • Low-carbohydrate
  • Low-calorie
  • Low-fat
  • High-protein
  • Resistance Training
  • Behavior Change

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Effects of a Combined High-Intensity Interval Training and Resistance Training Program in Patients Awaiting Bariatric Surgery: A Pilot Study
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 19 March 2019 / Accepted: 21 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
PDF Full-text (1048 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Bariatric surgery (BS) is considered the most effective treatment for morbid obesity. Preoperative body weight is directly associated with a higher surgical morbimortality and physical activity could be effective in the preparation of patients. The aim of this study is to determine the [...] Read more.
Bariatric surgery (BS) is considered the most effective treatment for morbid obesity. Preoperative body weight is directly associated with a higher surgical morbimortality and physical activity could be effective in the preparation of patients. The aim of this study is to determine the effects of a six-month exercise training program (ETP), combining high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and resistance training in patients awaiting BS. Six candidates awaiting BS (38.78 ± 1.18 kg·m−2; 38.17 ± 12.06 years) were distributed into two groups: the ETP group (experimental group (EG), n = 3) and a control group (CG, n = 3). Anthropometrical and blood pressure (BP), cardiorespiratory fitness and maximal strength were registered before and after the ETP. The EG participated in 93.25% of the sessions, showing reductions in body mass index (BMI) compared to the CG (34.61 ± 1.56 vs. 39.75 ± 0.65, p = 0.006, ANOVA). The inferential analysis showed larger effects on BMI, excess body weight percentage and fat mass, in addition to small to moderate effects in BP and the anthropometric measurements. Peak oxygen uptake normalized to fat-free mass showed likely positive effects with a probability of >95–99%. A six-month ETP seems to be a positive tool to improve body composition, cardiometabolic health, and fitness level in patients awaiting BS, but a larger sample size is needed to confirm these findings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity, Diet and Exercise)
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle
An Evaluation of Birth Outcomes in Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women Who Exercised during Pregnancy
Received: 20 September 2018 / Revised: 22 October 2018 / Accepted: 30 October 2018 / Published: 3 November 2018
PDF Full-text (193 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
It is well established that exercise has numerous health benefits, especially in regard to weight management for the obese and overweight population. However, there is limited data to support the safety or effects of exercise in the obese and overweight pregnant population despite [...] Read more.
It is well established that exercise has numerous health benefits, especially in regard to weight management for the obese and overweight population. However, there is limited data to support the safety or effects of exercise in the obese and overweight pregnant population despite the fact that exercise and weight management in this demographic is particularly important. In an effort to establish the safety profile of exercise during pregnancy in this population, we tested the hypothesis that exercise would not result in adverse birth outcomes. We surveyed postpartum women with an average BMI of 34.7 regarding their participation in exercise during pregnancy. Our primary outcome of interest was small for gestational age (SGA). Secondary outcomes included gestational age at delivery, mode of delivery, head circumference, length and birthweight as compared to those who did not exercise. SGA occurred in 12.5% of women who exercised in the first trimester compared to 14.9% in those who did not exercise (p = 0.678). Similar results were seen for women who exercised in the second and third trimesters. Intensity of exercise did not alter these findings and the analysis of secondary outcomes also did not demonstrate a difference between the groups. In conclusion, overweight and obese women who reported exercising during pregnancy did not have a higher incidence of SGA infants. Exercise should not be discouraged in pregnant women due to obesity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Obesity, Diet and Exercise)
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