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Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Urban Energy and CO2 Fluxes"

A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Land Surface Fluxes".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Nektarios Chrysoulakis

FORTH (Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas), Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics, N. Plastira Str. 100, Vassilika Vouton, GR 700 13 Heraklion, Greece
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +30-2810-391762
Interests: Urban Environment; Urban Surface Energy Budget; Microclimatic Studies; Urban Metabolism; Carbon Fluxes and Budget; Surface Temperature and Albedo Estimation; EO Time Series Analysis; Environmental Monitoring; Change Detection; Ecosystems Functions and Services; Nature-Based Solutions
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Eberhard Parlow

Department of Environmental Sciences, University Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Urban Climatology; Urban Energy and Radiation Budget; EO Time Series Analysis; Urban Sprawl; Landscape Dynamics; Thermal Infrared; Boundary Layer Meteorology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Emerging Earth Observation (EO) missions deliver improved data quality, extended coverage, and frequent observations, which are capable of supporting both urban planning activities and urban climate studies by providing the means to estimate the Urban Energy Budget (UEB) and CO2 emissions on a neighbourhood scale. UEB includes the anthropogenic heat flux (resulting from vehicular emissions, space heating and cooling of buildings, and industrial processing and metabolic heat release by people) and therefore, together with CO2 flux, reflects the functionality of the city and the metabolism of energy and carbon. Consequently, energy balance and carbon balance are important parameters for urban planning and design that should be taken into account in urban interventions aiming to improve the quality of life in cities. Both urban planning and urban climate communities need spatially disaggregated heat and CO2 fluxes, on a neighbourhood scale. Such information is practically impossible to derive by in-situ fluxes measurements, whereas the potential of EO to provide heat and CO2 fluxes on a local scale is not fully exploited. Thus, one of the main challenges facing the urban remote sensing community is the innovative exploitation of EO to support the estimation of UEB spatiotemporal patterns and CO2 emissions on a local scale. This EO-based approach is expected to advance the current knowledge of the impact of heat and CO2 fluxes on energy consumption in cities, leading to the development of tools and strategies to mitigate this impact, improving thermal comfort and energy efficiency.

This Special Issue aims to collect new developments and methodologies, best practices and applications of remote sensing towards supporting the estimation of energy, and CO2 fluxes in urban and peri-urban areas. We welcome submissions that provide the community with the most recent advancements on all relevant aspects of urban remote sensing and urban climatology, including, but not limited to, the following:

  • Synergistic Analysis of Remote Sensing Observations
  • Analysis of Time Series of Satellite Observations
  • Urban Surface Structure, Cover, and Vegetation Dynamics
  • Urban Surface Temperature and Albedo
  • EO-based Urban Surface Parameterization Schemes
  • Urban Radiation Balance
  • Turbulent Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes
  • Heat Storage in the Urban Structures
  • Urban Anthropogenic Heat Flux
  • Local Scale Urban Carbon Budget and CO2 Emissions
  • Evaluation of EO-derived Energy and Carbon Fluxes
  • Zoning of Urban Areas Based on Heat and CO2 Emissions
  • Contribution of Energy Fluxes to Urban Heat Island Development
  • Contribution of Energy Fluxes to Heat Stress at Neighbourhood Level
  • Contribution of UEB and CO2 Fluxes to Climate Change Mitigation/Adaptation
  • Monitoring the Effect of Nature-based Solutions on Heat and CO2 Emissions

Review articles covering one or more of these topics are also welcome.

Dr. Nektarios Chrysoulakis
Prof. Dr. Eberhard Parlow
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Remote Sensing is an international peer-reviewed open access bimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • synergistic analysis of remote sensing observations
  • analysis of time series of satellite observations
  • urban surface structure, cover, and vegetation dynamics
  • urban surface temperature and Albedo
  • EO-based urban surface parameterization schemes
  • urban radiation balance
  • turbulent sensible and latent heat fluxes
  • heat storage in urban structures
  • urban anthropogenic heat flux
  • local scale urban carbon budget and CO2 emissions
  • evaluation of EO-derived energy and carbon fluxes
  • zoning of urban areas based on heat and CO2 emissions
  • contribution of energy fluxes to urban heat island development
  • contribution of energy fluxes to heat stress at neighbourhood level
  • contribution of UEB and CO2 fluxes to climate change mitigation/adaptation
  • monitoring the effect of nature-based solutions on heat and CO2 emissions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle Land-Use Carbon Emissions Estimation for the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration Using 1994–2016 Landsat Image Data
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(9), 1334; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10091334
Received: 7 July 2018 / Revised: 12 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 21 August 2018
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The amount and growth rate of carbon emissions have been accelerated on a global scale since the industrial revolution (1800), especially in recent decades. This has resulted in a significant influence on the natural environment and human societies. Therefore, carbon emission reduction receives
[...] Read more.
The amount and growth rate of carbon emissions have been accelerated on a global scale since the industrial revolution (1800), especially in recent decades. This has resulted in a significant influence on the natural environment and human societies. Therefore, carbon emission reduction receives continuously increasing public attention and has long been under debate. In this study, we made use of the land-use specific carbon emission coefficients from previous studies and estimated the land-use carbon emissions and carbon intensities of the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration (YRDUA)—which consists of 26 eastern Chinese cities—from Landsat image data and socio-economic statistics in 1995, 2005, and 2015. In addition, spatial autocorrelation models including both global and local Moran’s I were used to analyze the spatial autocorrelation of carbon emissions and carbon intensities. It was found that (1) the YRDUA witnessed a rapidly increasing trend for net carbon emissions and a decreasing trend for carbon intensity over the two decades; (2) the spatial differences in carbon intensity had gradually narrowed, but were large in carbon emissions and had gradually increased; and (3) the carbon emissions in 2005 and 2015 had significant spatial autocorrelations. We concluded that (1) from 1995 to 2015 in the YRDUA, carbon emissions were large for the cities along the Yangtze River and carbon intensities were high for Anhui province’s resource-based cities, while both carbon emissions and carbon intensities were small for Zhejiang province’s cities; (2) over two decades, the increase in carbon emissions from urban land was approximately twice the increase in urban land area. Our study can provide useful insights into the assignment of carbon reduction tasks within the YRDUA. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Urban Energy and CO2 Fluxes)

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