Biomass-Derived Nanocomposites

A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991). This special issue belongs to the section "Nanocomposite Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 March 2024) | Viewed by 884

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
Interests: lignin nanoparticles; nanocellulose; lignin molecular simulation; green chemistry; biomass-based nanocarriers
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Biomass-Derived Nanocomposites are a class of innovative materials that merge the advantages of renewable biomass resources with the unique properties of nanoscale components. These nanocomposites hold immense promise for a wide range of applications across diverse industries due to their exceptional mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties. By incorporating nanomaterials into biomass-derived matrices, researchers aim to enhance the overall performance and functionality of the resulting composites. Moreover, utilizing renewable biomass sources contributes to sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives in material development. Researchers are diligently working to optimize fabrication processes to achieve tailored properties that align with specific application requirements. Through comprehensive studies and analyses, these innovative nanocomposites are anticipated to play an integral role in shaping future sustainable technologies, offering solutions to pressing challenges in a wide range of industries and applications.

The scope of present Special Issue, Biomass-Derived Nanocomposites, of Nanomaterials encompasses various research areas, including nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, and engineering. Key focuses involve the synthesis and characterization of these nanocomposites, understanding the interactions between biomass-derived components and nanoparticles, and exploring their application potential in fields such as biomedicine, environmental remediation, energy storage, and structural materials.

Dr. Liheng Chen
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  • biomass
  • nanocellulose
  • lignin nanoparticles
  • nanocomposites
  • sustainable materials
  • materials science
  • biomedicine
  • environmental remediation
  • energy storage

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

15 pages, 4750 KiB  
Article
Understanding Lignin Dissolution with Urea and the Formation of a Lignin Nano-Aggregate: A Multiscale Approach
by Jinxin Lin, Liheng Chen, Yanlin Qin and Xueqing Qiu
Nanomaterials 2024, 14(7), 593; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano14070593 - 27 Mar 2024
Viewed by 681
Abstract
This study employs a combined computational and experimental approach to elucidate the mechanisms governing the interaction between lignin and urea, impacting lignin dissolution and subsequent aggregation behavior. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations reveal how the urea concentration and temperature influence lignin conformation and interactions. [...] Read more.
This study employs a combined computational and experimental approach to elucidate the mechanisms governing the interaction between lignin and urea, impacting lignin dissolution and subsequent aggregation behavior. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations reveal how the urea concentration and temperature influence lignin conformation and interactions. Higher urea concentrations and temperatures promote lignin dispersion by disrupting intramolecular interactions and enhancing solvation. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations quantitatively assess the interaction energy between lignin and urea, supporting the findings from MD simulations. Anti-solvent precipitation demonstrates that increasing the urea concentration hinders the self-assembly of lignin nanoclusters. The findings provide valuable insights for optimizing lignin biorefinery processes by tailoring the urea concentration and temperature for efficient extraction and dispersion. Understanding the influence of urea on lignin behavior opens up avenues for designing novel lignin-based materials with tailored properties. This study highlights the potential for the synergetic application of MD simulations and DFT calculations to unravel complex material interactions at the atomic level. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass-Derived Nanocomposites)
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