Special Issue "Composite Electrode Membranes for Electrochemical Energy Storage & Conversion Devices"

A special issue of Membranes (ISSN 2077-0375).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Giovanni Battista Appetecchi

ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), Department for Sustainability (SSPT), Division for Sustainable Materials (PROMAS), Materials and Physicochemical Processes Laboratory (MATPRO), Casaccia Research Center, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Rome, Italy
Website | E-Mail
Interests: research and development of electrolyte/electrode materials/components for electrochemical energy storage systems; ionic liquids; polymer and gel electrolytes; lithium batteries

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Energy demand is still mainly satisfied by the direct but inefficient and polluting conversion of chemical energy of fossil fuels because of the lack of highly performing energy storage systems. Electrochemical power sources differ from others due to the fact that the energy conversion occurs from chemical into electrical without any intermediate step, resulting in higher energy efficiencies in addition to a much lower environmental impact due to the absence of any gaseous emission. Among the various choices, electrochemical devices, such as batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells, are one of the most, if not the most, suitable answers for efficient energy storage and conversion.

Electrode chemistry and formulation play a key role in the performance and safety of electrochemical devices. For instance, electrodes, in addition to electrochemical active species, have to contain passive components (electronic and/or ionic conductor, binder, etc.), which, even if not affecting the energy density, strongly influence the power density, cycling behavior, and reliability of the device. Therefore, although well-known over time, these issues are currently under deep investigation worldwide.

This Special Issue will offer an appealing forum to bring together the latest results obtained by key laboratories presently involved in R and D of composite electrodes for batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells. Again, this Special Issue represents an optimal site for welcoming the latest innovations and, accordingly, authors from top laboratories are invited to submit their forthcoming results.

Dr. Giovanni Battista Appetecchi
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Membranes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • batteries
  • supercapacitors
  • fuel cells
  • composite electrodes
  • electrode formulation

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

No. 1

Title: LFP-based gravure printed cathode for lithium-ion printed batteries
Author: M. Montanino


The printed batteries are more and more investigated since they are necessary to supply small electronic devices of growing daily use. In this frame the most industrially diffused gravure printing appears as the best method since its capability to couple high speed and high definition and to produce any kind of shape.

Nowadays such technique  is one of the most appealing for the production of functional layers for electronics but is very few investigated for this scope. Here we propose a LFP-based gravure printed cathode for lithium-ion rechargeable printed batteries demonstrating the possibility to use such technique for this propose.

No. 2

Title: Composite electrospun membranes with ZnO nanoparticles for batteries applications 
Author: Antonio Rinaldi et. al.


Electrospinng is an innovative and scalable manufacturing technology to produce complex non-woven membranes made of fibers with a diameter distribution from a few nanometers up to several micrometres, with a largely tunable mesoscale arrangement of the fibers. Although no mainstream industrial deployment has emerged yet, electropun membranes have already began to be explored for Lithium based battery applications, both for the electrode and separator compartments, in the former case being typically necessary to perform single or multistep pyrolysis treatments to yield microstructured carbon electrode. In any case, the transport properties and performance of such membranes highly depend on microstructural details (e.g. fiber distribution, architecture, porosity fraction and distribution, etc.), which can be tuned by controlling the native polymer and the process parameters. In addition, in this study we demonstrate  the possibility to obtain a tailorable composite microstructure by adding small percentages (from 0.5% up to 5%) of non-percolating nanometric ZnO dispersoids in a polymeric fiber matrix. Polycaprolactone (PCL) was selected for convenience in our moke-up system. The results indicate a fiber diameter reduction trend with a minimum at around 2% of ZnO. The microstructural parameters of such composite hybrid membranes are correlated to electrical performance.  Implications on battery performance are discussed.

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