Special Issue "Development and Application of Marine-Sourced Anti-Cancer and Cancer Pain Control Agents"

A special issue of Marine Drugs (ISSN 1660-3397).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Giuseppe La Regina
Website
Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie del Farmaco, Sapienza Universita’ di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy
Interests: anticancer agents; anti-infective agents; heterocyclic chemistry; small molecules; microwave-assisted organic chemistry and extraction

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The marine habitat is an unlimited source of bioactive molecules with unique chemical structures. Among these, compounds endowed with anticancer activity are of particular interest, because cancer remains one of the most challenging problems for human health. In addition, people with cancer commonly suffer from pain, whose pharmacological treatment is often associated with several side effects. Even if cancer and pain therapies have been considerably improved in the last decades, there is an urgent need to identify new bioactive compounds in order to obtain more efficacious and safe drugs for people living with cancer and cancer-related pain.

For this Special Issue, “Development and Application of Marine-Sourced Anticancer and Cancer Pain Control Agents”, we invite scientists from both academia and industry to publish their recent results on new anticancer and cancer pain control agents of marine origin. The Issue will cover all aspects of chemical and pharmaceutical relevance, such us extraction, identification, structure elucidation, total synthesis, structure–activity relationships, molecular modelling simulations, pharmacological and pharmacokinetics characterization of marine compounds.

Dr. Giuseppe La Regina
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Marine Drugs is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Pain
  • Marine bioactive compounds
  • Drug
  • Human health

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessCommunication
The Influence of Caerulomycin A on the Intestinal Microbiota in SD Rats
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(5), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18050277 - 22 May 2020
Abstract
Caerulomycin A (CRM A) is the first example of natural caerulomycins with a 2,2′-bipyridyl ring core and 6-aldoxime functional group from Streptomyces caeruleus and recently from marine-derived Actinoalloteichus cyanogriseus WH1-2216-6. Our previous study revealed that CRM A showed anti-tumor activity against human colorectal [...] Read more.
Caerulomycin A (CRM A) is the first example of natural caerulomycins with a 2,2′-bipyridyl ring core and 6-aldoxime functional group from Streptomyces caeruleus and recently from marine-derived Actinoalloteichus cyanogriseus WH1-2216-6. Our previous study revealed that CRM A showed anti-tumor activity against human colorectal cancer (CRC) both in vitro and in vivo. Because some intestinal flora can affect the occurrence and development of CRC, the influence of CRM A on the intestinal flora is worthy of study in Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats. The high throughput sequencing of the V3-V4 hypervariable region in bacterial 16S rDNA gene results showed that the CRM A affected the diversity of intestinal flora of the SD rats treated with CRM A for 2, 3 and 4 weeks. Further analysis indicated that the abundance of genera Prevotella_1, Prevotellaceae_UCG-001, and Lactobacillus were increased while the that of genera Alloprevotella and Ruminiclostridium_1 were decreased. For the CRC related intestinal flora, the abundance of genera Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Enterococcus, Escherichia-Shigella, Klebsiella, Streptococcus, Ruminococcus_2, and Peptococcus of SD rats treated with CRM A were decreased, while that of abundance of genera Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Faecalibacterium, Blautia, Oscillibacter, and Clostridium were increased. The results indicated that CRM A could influence the intestinal flora by inhibiting some species of harmful flora and improving the beneficial bacteria in intestinal flora in the SD rats. The results may provide a new idea for revealing the mechanism of the anti-CRC activity of CRM A. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
A Natural Quinazoline Derivative from Marine Sponge Hyrtios erectus Induces Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells via ROS Production and Intrinsic or Extrinsic Apoptosis Pathways
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(12), 658; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17120658 - 23 Nov 2019
Abstract
Here, we report the therapeutic potential of a natural quinazoline derivative (2-chloro-6-phenyl-8H-quinazolino[4,3-b]quinazolin-8-one) isolated from marine sponge Hyrtios erectus against human breast cancer. The cytotoxicity of the compound was investigated on a human breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7). Antiproliferative activity of the compound was [...] Read more.
Here, we report the therapeutic potential of a natural quinazoline derivative (2-chloro-6-phenyl-8H-quinazolino[4,3-b]quinazolin-8-one) isolated from marine sponge Hyrtios erectus against human breast cancer. The cytotoxicity of the compound was investigated on a human breast carcinoma cell line (MCF-7). Antiproliferative activity of the compound was estimated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. MTT assay showed significant inhibition of MCF-7 cells viability with the IC50 value of 13.04 ± 1.03 µg/mL after 48 h. The compound induced down-regulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein and increase in the pro-apoptotic Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in MCF-7 cells. The compound activated the expression of Caspases-9 and stimulated downstream signal transducer Caspase-7. In addition, Caspase-8 showed remarkable up-regulation in MCF-7 cells treated with the compound. Moreover, the compound was found to promote oxidative stress in MCF-7 cells that led to cell death. In conclusion, the compound could induce apoptosis of breast carcinoma cells via a mechanism that involves ROS production and either extrinsic or intrinsic apoptosis pathways. The systemic toxic potential of the compound was evaluated in an in vivo mouse model, and it was found non-toxic to the major organs. Full article
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