Social-Ecological and Ecosystem Responses to Climate Change

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2021) | Viewed by 2962

Special Issue Editors

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
Interests: biodiversity conservation; land use planning; natural resource management; governance; sustainable agriculture; extractive industries

Guest Editor
JBS International, Rockville, MD 20852-5007, USA
Interests: agricultural economics; natural resource management; rural economic development; sustainable agriculture;agricultural value chains

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change and climate variability present unique challenges to ecosystem integrity as well as to the ecosystem services that provide a base for human livelihoods, health, and wellbeing. The impacts of climate change are already being observed in natural and social systems, with both the rate and extent of change anticipated to grow sharply in coming decades. However, the current and near-term effects of climate change on social-ecological systems are poorly understood, and this gap is particularly pronounced in underdeveloped countries where data is often unavailable. Filling that knowledge gap is critical to developing effective adaptation and mitigation strategies on both technical and policy scales.

This Special Issue of Land invites novel empirical, review, and policy studies that examine how social systems and ecosystems are already responding to climate change and how these systems will respond to new or intensified changes. This Special Issue is particularly interested in illuminating evidence-based policy and technical measures that can limit or mitigate the deleterious effects of climate change on ecosystem structure and function, ecosystem services, as well as human health, livelihoods, wellbeing, and social cohesion.

Because climate change affects nearly every aspect of social and environmental systems (directly or indirectly), this Special Issue encourages interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary submissions. Contributions are encouraged to provide empirical evidence to characterize the existing or probable impact of climate change on natural, social, or social-ecological systems. Contributions should likewise examine the adaptation and mitigation strategies (technical or policy level) that have been effective at limiting negative impacts or that could be expected to do so.

Dr. Joshua D. Fisher
Dr. Summer Allen
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Land is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • climate change
  • ecosystem services
  • social-ecological systems
  • climate change adaptation
  • climate change mitigation
  • climate change policy
  • agricultural value chains
  • sustainable livelihoods
  • wellbeing

Published Papers (1 paper)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:


15 pages, 972 KiB  
Assessment of REDD+ MRV Capacity in Developing Countries and Implications under the Paris Regime
by Raehyun Kim, Dong-hwan Kim, Seongsil Cho, Eunho Choi, Jinwoo Park, Sue Kyoung Lee and Yowhan Son
Land 2021, 10(9), 943; - 7 Sep 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2081
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recognized the importance of forests in combating climate change and agreed upon financial support for REDD+ activities in developing countries through the Warsaw REDD+ Framework (WRF). The REDD+ activities for conserving carbon stored in [...] Read more.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recognized the importance of forests in combating climate change and agreed upon financial support for REDD+ activities in developing countries through the Warsaw REDD+ Framework (WRF). The REDD+ activities for conserving carbon stored in forests to reduce GHG emissions and to enhance the carbon sink function of forests are expected to serve as an important means for achieving the climatic goal. In this study, a set of criteria was devised to assess the REDD+ Measuring, Reporting, and Verifying (MRV) implementation capabilities of developing countries, which was applied to analyze the REDD+ MRV levels in REDD+ countries. Based on the Forest Reference Emission Level/Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL), National Strategy (NS), National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) and Safeguard Information Summary (SIS) the countries submitted, 36 REDD+ countries submitted only the FREL/FRL (Group I), while 5 countries fulfilled the WRF requirements and registered REDD+ reduction results (Group II), and 6 received Results-Based Payments (RBP) (Group III). From longest to shortest, the periods for which the International Fund provided support were arranged in the order of Group III, II, and I, verifying the relative importance of international support. From highest to lowest, the overall MRV capability was also arranged in the order of Group III, II, and I, although Group I or Group II was at a higher level than the other groups in some elements. REDD+ countries in the Readiness Phase (Group I) would aim to have the MRV capabilities of Groups II and III to receive RBP, and international support for REDD+ MRV capacity building could enable them to do. However, in addition to the receipt of RBP, REDD+ should be reflected in the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as consistent reduction results at the national GHG inventory level, and the advancement of REDD+ MRV is expected to be a necessary and sufficient condition for REDD+ cooperation under the Paris Agreement cooperative approach framework. For the following groups, international cooperation is essential. Countries in the Readiness Phase need to be supported with the establishment of an MRV framework, which will enable them to achieve REDD+ to receive RBP and be reflected in NDCs. For REDD+ countries that have thus far met the WRF requirements, the REDD+ scope needs to be upscaled to national levels, and the MRV system should be further advanced to establish a cooperative approach system that can achieve more ambitious reduction targets through forests. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social-Ecological and Ecosystem Responses to Climate Change)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop