Special Issue "Environmental, Health and Economic Conditions during the COVID-19 Pandemic"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Economics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Dirga Kumar Lamichhane
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine, Inha University, South Korea
Interests: air pollution; environmental and occupational health; nutritional epidemiology; gene and environment interactions; psychosocial and industrial health; health economics; socioeconomic vulnerability to natural disaster

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19), which started at the end of 2019, has evolved as a global pandemic. To contain COVID-19 diffusion, many countries have implemented lockdowns and other restrictions, including enforcing strict quarantines, prohibiting large-scale private and public gatherings, encouraging social distancing, and imposing a curfew. These control measures put in place to protect people from COVID-19 have had a significant impact on environment, health, and economy. This pandemic is likely to have many life-altering, short- and long-term effects related to health. Researchers are continuing to examine the cause and consequences of the current pandemic. Although this pandemic has led to the enhancement of the health system in many countries, the spread of COVID-19 and related lockdown measures have imposed a substantial economic burden on healthcare systems. This includes costs associated with the medical treatment of COVID-19 patients and with outbreak control. This pandemic has put some health systems under immense pressure, limiting their capacity to deal with routine health issues and compounding the problem.

While the costs of enforcing these control measures are enormous, the ongoing pandemic may have some indirect positive impacts. Among them, locking down cities has brought a sudden drop in air pollution and carbon emissions. These declines are mainly due to the close-down of transport, constructional works, and industrial activities. On the other hand, changes in activity patterns, with urban residents spending more time at home, could increase the domestic emission of air pollutants. Some researchers have shown that prolonged exposure to high levels of air pollution may increase the vulnerability to and mortality rates of COVID-19. However, the roles of air pollution and aerosols in the spread of coronavirus-2 and in the increase of COVID-19 mortality rates are still under debate within the scientific community.

This Special Issue aims to explore the environmental, health, and economic dimensions of the effect of COVID-19, considering the multiple interactions between atmospheric emissions, outdoor and indoor air quality, and economic conditions. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following: modeling disease transmission using economic methods; impact of COVID-19 on health and economic outcomes; impact of COVID-19 control measure on air quality; transmission modes of COVID-19 virus through environmental media; relationships between air pollution and COVID-19; environmental exposure and health impact assessment; lockdown impacts on waste management.        

Dr. Dirga Lamichhane
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • lockdown
  • air pollution
  • air quality
  • environmental exposures
  • health economic impact

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Can Socioeconomic, Health, and Safety Data Explain the Spread of COVID-19 Outbreak on Brazilian Federative Units?
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 8921; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238921 - 30 Nov 2020
Abstract
Infinite factors can influence the spread of COVID-19. Evaluating factors related to the spread of the disease is essential to point out measures that take effect. In this study, the influence of 14 variables was assessed together by Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) of [...] Read more.
Infinite factors can influence the spread of COVID-19. Evaluating factors related to the spread of the disease is essential to point out measures that take effect. In this study, the influence of 14 variables was assessed together by Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) of the type Self-Organizing Maps (SOM), to verify the relationship between numbers of cases and deaths from COVID-19 in Brazilian states for 110 days. The SOM analysis showed that the variables that presented a more significant relationship with the numbers of cases and deaths by COVID-19 were influenza vaccine applied, Intensive Care Unit (ICU), ventilators, physicians, nurses, and the Human Development Index (HDI). In general, Brazilian states with the highest rates of influenza vaccine applied, ICU beds, ventilators, physicians, and nurses, per 100,000 inhabitants, had the lowest number of cases and deaths from COVID-19, while the states with the lowest rates were most affected by the disease. According to the SOM analysis, other variables such as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), tests, drugs, and Federal funds, did not have as significant effect as expected. Full article
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