Special Issue "Economics of the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2013) | Viewed by 26768
2. Menzies Health Institutte Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4215, Australia
Interests: economic evaluation of healthcare interventions; modelling; elicitation of preferences; health policy; health services research
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Obesity is the fastest growing cause for morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries. Obesity is a risk factor for chronic diseases, loss of quality of life, incapacity and eventually death. One of the potential consequences of obesity is diabetes mellitus. This in itself requires management with therapeutic agents, and often a change in lifestyle and diet. However, the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus continues to grow and cost the health system more and more due to its consequences and complications which include blindness, neuropathy, foot and leg ulcers and often amputations.
Lifestyle factors are the main cause of obesity and thus obesity (and many of its consequences) is preventable. However, for an individual, the more obese they become, the more difficult it is to reverse that trend. There are now several pharmaceutical and surgical interventions available to manage or reverse obesity, but lifestyle factors are the most difficult to change.
There are a multitude of potential interventions and policy responses to prevent and treat obesity. Some focus on reducing consumption of unhealthy foods by imposing differential taxes on healthy vs junk foods, restrictions on advertising and increased physical activity in school curricula. Other interventions target those who are obese with multidisciplinary teams that include a psychologist, exercise physiologist and nutritionist/dietician to assist in changing lifestyle, pharmaceuticals to reduce intestinal absorption of fats or to increase metabolic rates, and the range of bariatric surgeries including gastric bypass, lap banding and now gastric sleeves. However, in order to use available resources wisely and to be able to prioritise between potential interventions, detailed information is needed on both health outcomes and costs, and the relation between the two. Moreover, the optimal balance of resources allocated to prevention versus treatment of obesity is highly debatable.
The focus of this Special Issue is on the Economics of Prevention and Treatment of Obesity. This includes developing knowledge on the economic consequences of prevention and treatments, on both the cost and the benefit side, in order to reduce societal as well as individual burden caused by obesity.
Empirical, theoretical and review papers are equally welcome, on any topic relevant to Economics of Prevention and Treatment of Obesity. Submissions on the optimal balance of resources allocated to prevention and treatment, articles identifying the optimal patient criteria for surgical interventions, and articles describing public acceptability of policy are especially welcome.
Professor Paul A. Scuffham
Manuscript Submission Information
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- public health
- chronic disease
- bariatric surgery
- resource allocation
- economic evaluation