Special Issue "Occupational and Environmental Toxicology"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Toxicology and Public Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2022 | Viewed by 9075
Interests: occupational and environmental medicine; biological and environmental monitoring; industrial hygiene; occupational toxicology; green chemistry; total worker health; health informatics; remote control; industry 4.0
Interests: green chemistry; volatile organic compounds (VOCs); monitoring strategies; chemical characterization; sustainability; environmental health; environmental monitoring; system and remote control
Interests: environmental health; occupational toxicology; exposure and risk assessment; mixtures; biomonitoring
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History has handed down to us the legacy of eminent scientists, who could be called precursors of occupational and environmental toxicology.
Hippocrates (ca. 460–365 B.C.), universally recognized as the father of medicine, first described the importance of environmental quality and of understanding the exposures expected based upon geography, climate, diet, and occupation in his De aere aquis et locis.
Ulrich Ellenbog published his Treatise on Industrial Hygiene in 1473, the first compendium on industrial hygiene and toxicology.
Paracelsus represented a watershed between Hippocratic dogmatic and conjectural medicine and modern medicine, based on observation and experience (Hoover, 1912). Considered the father of medical chemistry, his quote is renowned “Omnia venenum sunt: nec sine veneno quicquam existit. Dosis sola facit, ut venenum non fit” (“Everything is poisonous: nothing exists non-poisonous. Only the dose ensures that the poison has no effect”). His Treatise on Miners' Diseases was posthumously published in 1567.
Bernardino Ramazzini was an ante litteram scientist, considered the father of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. De morbis artificum diatriba (1700) contains a detailed and acute study of more than fifty different occupations along with the corresponding descriptions of production cycles, protective and preventive measures and, of course, work-related diseases, stressing the importance of workplace inspections.
The legacy of these and other many other illustrious scientists led to the birth of toxicology as we know it today.
Environmental toxicology is a multidisciplinary domain of science, which occupies an important niche, overlapping the fields of toxicology, environmental health, and public policy. While studying the adverse health effects of chemical, biological, and physical agents on living organisms in ecosystems, environmental toxicology focuses on humans and therefore plays an important role in addressing public health challenges. Environmental toxicology research has been providing scientific evidence to policy-makers and the public, aiming to prevent adverse human health impacts.
Occupational toxicology identifies and evaluates the hazards and risks to health posed by chemicals encountered in a more specific scenario, the workplace. The approaches followed in occupational toxicology imply taking into account the level, duration, and route of exposure and any other factors that influence the way that workers handle the substance and can result in adverse health effects. Occupational toxicology can also have an important role at the policy level in advising governments on legal controls necessary to ensure that chemicals are handled and used safely to prevent adverse health effects in the workforce.
Therefore, occupational and environmental toxicology are primarily about investigating the toxicity in humans resulting from exposure to chemicals encountered at the workplace or in the general environment, and both called to intervene when chemicals are used in the workplace or introduced into the human environment.
This Special Issue calls for original contributions, including observational and experimental studies, exploring the following topics:
- History of occupational and environmental toxicology;
- Occupational and environmental toxicology;
- Exposure assessment approaches;
- Bioaccumulation and biomagnification;
- Endocrine disruptors;
- Occupational diseases.
We encourage you to submit your contribution proposals in order to increase awareness about occupational and environmental toxicology.
Dr. Antonio Baldassarre
Dr. Stefano Dugheri
Prof. Dr. Susana Viegas
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- History of Occupational and Environmental Toxicology
- Occupational and Environmental Toxicology
- Exposure assessment
- Bioaccumulation & Biomagnification
- Endocrine disruptors
- Occupational diseases