Special Issue "Effects of Physical Exercise in the Health of Frailty"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 February 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Mário António Cardoso Marques
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Interests: training; resistance training; older adults; frailty; evaluation; performance
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Daniel Almeida Marinho
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sport Science, University of Beira-Interior (UBI/CIDESD), 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Interests: training; evaluation; performance; biophysics; aquatics
Dr. Henrique P. Neiva
Website SciProfiles
Guest Editor
Department of Sport Science, University of Beira-Interior (UBI/CIDESD), 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Interests: training; evaluation; performance; biophysics; aquatics
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear colleagues,

Frailty is a complex geriatric syndrome characterized by a deficit in muscle strength, reduced physiological function, and cognitive impairments in the elderly. These characteristics increase the vulnerability of the elderly and raise the risk of mortality. Increasing evidence has reported the significant benefits yielded by exercise on the functional status of older people, including frailty. Data clearly support early intervention in the pathway from robustness to disability to maximize potential benefits. However, the effect of physical exercise and the most effective type of exercise in frail older persons remain undefined. Therefore, increasing the knowledge about the most effective evidence-based interventions for improving the general health of frail individuals is a priority to promote healthy aging in a geriatric’s context. In this Special Issue, we invite researchers and clinicians to submit manuscripts related to the effects of different physical exercise interventions on health-related parameters, such as strength, endurance, functional capacity, and cognitive function of the elderly.

Prof. Mário António Cardoso Marques
Prof. Daniel Almeida Marinho
Prof. Henrique P. Neiva
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • physical exercise
  • frailty
  • elderly
  • strength
  • aerobic

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Novel Resistance Training Approach to Monitoring the Volume in Older Adults: The Role of Movement Velocity
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7557; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207557 - 17 Oct 2020
Abstract
We analyzed the effects of velocity-monitored resistance training (RT) with a velocity loss of 20% on strength and functional capacity in institutionalized older adults. Thirty-nine participants (78.8 ± 6.7 years) were divided into a control group (CG; n = 20) or an RT [...] Read more.
We analyzed the effects of velocity-monitored resistance training (RT) with a velocity loss of 20% on strength and functional capacity in institutionalized older adults. Thirty-nine participants (78.8 ± 6.7 years) were divided into a control group (CG; n = 20) or an RT group (n = 19). Over 10 weeks, the RT group performed two sessions per week, and the mean velocity of each repetition was monitored in the leg-press and chest-press exercises at 40–65% of one-repetition maximum (1RM). The set ended when the participants reached a velocity loss of 20%. The CG maintained their daily routine. At pre- and post-test, both groups were assessed in the 1RM leg-press, 1RM chest-press, handgrip strength, medicine ball throw (MBT), walking speed, and sit-to-stand (STS). At baseline, we did not find significant differences between groups. After 10 weeks, we observed significant differences (p < 0.001–0.01) between groups in the 1RM leg-press, 1RM chest-press, MBT-1 kg, and STS. The RT group performed a total number of repetitions of 437.6 ± 66.1 in the leg-press and 296.4 ± 78.9 in the chest-press. Our results demonstrate that velocity loss effectively prescribes the volume in older adults and that a threshold of 20% improves strength-related variables in this population. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Physical Exercise in the Health of Frailty)
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