Emerging Risk Factors Associated with Public Health

A special issue of Healthcare (ISSN 2227-9032).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 May 2024) | Viewed by 463

Special Issue Editors


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Public Health, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
Interests: public health; technology; health promotion; disease prevention; adherence; reproductive health; chronic diseases; epidemiology; biostatistics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
2. School of Medicine, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Sandy Bay, TAS 7005, Australia
3. Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, Canberra, ACT 2617, Australia
Interests: chronic kidney disease; medication appropriateness index; medication regimen complexity index; the elderly
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Emerging risk factors for public health are constantly changing and offer a significant challenge for public health around the world. These include climate change, antimicrobial resistance, mental health, urbanization, and digital health. Climate change poses a significant threat to public health through its effects on the environment, while antimicrobial resistance has led to the emergence of drug-resistant bacteria. Mental health is also an emerging risk factor, while urbanization can lead to overcrowding, poor air quality, inadequate sanitation, and increased exposure to violence and crime. Digital health technologies have the potential to transform healthcare, but also pose new risks such as data privacy and security, an over-reliance on technology, and unequal access to digital health services. Public health professionals must take a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to addressing these risk factors to prevent and mitigate their impact on individuals and communities, ultimately improving the health and well-being of populations around the world. In this Special Issue, advances in understanding the growing public health risk factors and applications for identifying and mitigating these risk factors will be addressed.

You may choose our Joint Special Issue in Life.

Dr. Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula
Dr. Wubshet Tesfaye
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Healthcare is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • risk factors
  • epidemiology
  • public health
  • climate change
  • antimicrobial resistance
  • mental health
  • digital health
  • prevention
  • urbanization
  • health disparities

Published Papers (1 paper)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

10 pages, 658 KiB  
Article
Mindfulness, Gut–Brain Axis, and Health-Related Quality of Life: The Paradigm of IBD Patients
by Efstratios Christodoulou, Tsambika Mpali, Maroula-Eleni Dimitriadou and Antonios E. Koutelidakis
Healthcare 2024, 12(12), 1209; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare12121209 - 17 Jun 2024
Abstract
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a comprehensive measure that evaluates an individual’s well-being across physical, mental, and social dimensions. Enhancing HRQoL, particularly in individuals with chronic conditions like inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), necessitates a holistic approach. Mindfulness, a scientifically supported strategy for [...] Read more.
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a comprehensive measure that evaluates an individual’s well-being across physical, mental, and social dimensions. Enhancing HRQoL, particularly in individuals with chronic conditions like inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), necessitates a holistic approach. Mindfulness, a scientifically supported strategy for managing anxiety, has shown promise in improving both physical and mental health. Its benefits may be partly explained through its effects on the gut–brain axis (GBA), a bidirectional communication link between the gastrointestinal system and the central nervous system. By exploring the interplay between mindfulness and the GBA, this study aims to uncover how these elements collectively influence HRQoL in both healthy individuals and those with IBD, offering insights into potential therapeutic pathways. A cross-sectional investigation involved 338 adults, including 50 IBD patients, utilizing validated Greek scales for Mindfulness (MAAS-15), Mediterranean Diet (14-MEDAS), and HRQoL (EQ-5D-5L). The questionnaire gathered demographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle data. Among healthy participants, EQ-5D-5L showed a moderate correlation with the MAAS-15 scale (r = 0.389, p < 0.05) and a low correlation with 14-MEDAS (r = 0.131, p < 0.05). IBD patients exhibited significantly lower mean EQ-5D-5L scores than healthy individuals (0.75 vs. 0.85, p < 0.05). MAAS-15 demonstrated a robust correlation (r = 0.414, p < 0.001) with EQ-5D-5L in IBD patients. Elevated mindfulness levels emerged as predictive factors for higher HRQoL in IBD patients (OR: 1.101, 95% CI: 1.008, 1.202, p < 0.05, compared to low mindfulness). In summary, factors influencing the GBA, including mindfulness and the Mediterranean diet, exhibit positive associations with HRQoL. Increased mindfulness levels predict better HRQoL in IBD patients, emphasizing the potential for clinical trials to validate these cross-sectional study findings. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Risk Factors Associated with Public Health)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop