Nutrition Care and Support in Geriatrics

A special issue of Geriatrics (ISSN 2308-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Geriatric Nutrition".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2024 | Viewed by 2729

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Aragata 14, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland
Interests: geriatric nutritional care; nutritional status; physical function; cognitive function; PEM; hospital malnutrition; frailty; nutritional care process

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Malnutrition referring to undernutrition is one of the most harmful co-morbidities among older adults and substantially burdens health, social, and aged care systems. It is estimated that around a quarter of older adults are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. This number is expected to rise alongside the rapid increase in the ageing population. The adverse effects of malnutrition are complex, such as frailty, delirium, decreased immunocompetence, muscle waste, hypothermia, osteoporosis, mood changes, cognitive impairment, lowered quality of life, and premature mortality regardless of the specific cause of death. This means evidence-based nutritional practice is important, including optimising nutritional pathways and incorporating dietary guidelines for older adults.

This Special Issue focuses on the importance of healthy nutritional status among older adults in the community, hospitals, or residential care. For older adults with or without malnutrition, a healthy nutritional status is a fundamental contributor to healthy ageing, rehabilitation, and preventing functional loss in frailty, sarcopenia, and pathological ageing.

Prof. Dr. Olof Gudny Geirsdottir
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Geriatrics is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • nutritional care
  • geriatric nutrition
  • physical function
  • cognitive function
  • malnutrition
  • PEM
  • frailty

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

14 pages, 545 KiB  
Article
Relationships among Physical Activity, Physical Function, and Food Intake in Older Japanese Adults Living in Urban Areas: A Cross-Sectional Study
by Takashi Fushimi, Kyoko Fujihira, Hideto Takase and Masashi Miyashita
Geriatrics 2023, 8(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics8020041 - 3 Apr 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2051
Abstract
Japan is experiencing a super-ageing society faster than anywhere else in the world. Consequently, extending healthy life expectancy is an urgent social issue. To realize a diet that can support the extension of healthy life expectancy, we studied the quantitative relationships among physical [...] Read more.
Japan is experiencing a super-ageing society faster than anywhere else in the world. Consequently, extending healthy life expectancy is an urgent social issue. To realize a diet that can support the extension of healthy life expectancy, we studied the quantitative relationships among physical activities (number of steps and activity calculated using an accelerometer), physical functions (muscle strength, movement function, agility, static balance, dynamic balance, and walking function), and dietary intake among 469 older adults living in the Tokyo metropolitan area (65–75 years old; 303 women and 166 men) from 23 February 2017 to 31 March 2018. Physical activities and functions were instrumentally measured, and the dietary survey adopted the photographic record method. There was a significant positive association (p < 0.05) between physical activities (steps, medium-intensity activity, and high-intensity activity) and physical functions (movement function, static balance, and walking function), but no association with muscle strength. These three physical functions were significantly positively correlated with intake of vegetables, seeds, fruits, and milk; with magnesium, potassium, and vitamin B6; and with the dietary fibre/carbohydrate composition ratio (p < 0.05). Future intervention trials must verify if balancing diet and nutrition can improve physical activities in older adults through increased physical functions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Care and Support in Geriatrics)
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