Advances in Marine Geology—Selected Papers from P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences
A special issue of Geosciences (ISSN 2076-3263).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 April 2023) | Viewed by 15794
Interests: deformable plate tectonics; modeling of geodynamic processes; geodynamics of the Arctic; hazards on the shelf and continental margins; marine geophysics
This Special Issue deals with the achievements of P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, the largest marine institute in Russia, with 70 years of history. The first marine geological research aboard the R/V “Vityaz” took place in 1949, and geological studies have since taken a front-row seat in the complex oceanological investigations at the Institute. The geological direction of the Institute’s research embraces a wide range of scientific disciplines, such as lithology, mineralogy, geochemistry, and stratigraphy of bottom sediments; micropaleontology and paleo-oceanology; sediment and ore formation; geomorphology, geophysics, tectonics, and geodynamics; geohazards; geochemistry and biogeochemistry; and dynamics of shores and shelves.
One of the most important aspects of the Institute’s geological investigations is the study of the ocean sedimentation process, including systematic studies of water and air suspended matter, as well as of river discharge and sedimentary material dispersal by sea ice and icebergs; and vertical particulate fluxes and bottom sediments as the final stage of this process. Great importance is attached to geochemical and biogeochemical studies of sedimentation and diagenetic processes. Quantitative regularities in the behavior of chemical elements, their cycles, and contribution of various sources to the chemical balance of the ocean have been established. Micropaleontological studies are also successfully carried out at the Institute. In combination with isotopic analyses of ocean sediments, they form the basis for stratigraphic, paleo-oceanological, paleoecological, and paleoclimatic reconstructions and, finally, for the studies of the world oceans’ geological history. In recent years, much attention in the Institute has also been paid to the study of various natural processes in the Arctic seas, and equally important are geodynamic studies, in particular the development of a geodynamic model of the evolution of the Arctic region in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, and geodynamic analysis of the seismic cycles of the great earthquakes in the subduction zones. It is our pleasure to present the results of our investigations in this Special Issue.
Dr. Leopold Lobkovsky
Dr. Nadezhda Politova
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