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Special Issue "Climate Change Impacts on the Ecosystem Functions and Services of Mangrove Forests"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 September 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Chih-Yu Chiu

Biodiversity Research Centre, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: forest ecosystem; soil biochemistry; microbiology and biogeochemistry
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Hsing-Juh Lin

Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
Website | E-Mail
Interests: system ecology; wetland ecology; marine ecology; estuarine

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Mangroves are both economically and ecologically important, covering 70% of the tropical and subtropical sheltered coastlines. They provide many critical ecological functions and ecosystem services, including coastal protection, habitat provision, biodiversity support, food security, tourism and recreation. Recent scientific advances have showed that mangrove forests represent important carbon sinks and are able to serve as the natural solution to global greenhouse effects and contribute mitigation effort to climate change. However, mangroves have been extensively eliminated by human-induced habitat destruction and deforestation, inland hydrological alteration, and pollution in recent decades. If such exploitation of mangroves is uncontrolled, it will result in rapid decrease in abundance and diversity of mangroves and subsequently leading to permanent loss in biodiversity and many ecosystem services. Moreover, mangrove ecosystems are continuously affected by the catastrophic climate changes, such as rise in sea levels, temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Clearly, there is a pressing need for effective conservation, restoration and management of mangrove ecosystems for the battle against climate change and the sustainable future of nature and humans. The patterns and processes, and mechanisms of how mangrove ecosystem structures, functions and services respond to climate changes and various human impacts need to be better understood to enable the precise prediction of changes in ecological functions and ecosystems services of mangroves in the future. We encourage studies from all fields, including experimental studies, monitoring approaches and models, to contribute to this Special Issue in order to promote knowledge and adaptation strategies for the preservation, management, and future development of mangrove forest ecosystems.

Prof. Dr. Chih-Yu Chiu
Prof. Dr. Hsing-Juh Lin
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Climatic changes
  • Disturbances
  • Ecological impacts
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Biodiversity
  • Microbiology
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Ecosystem services
  • Conservation, restoration and management

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

Open AccessReview Impact of Global Change on Nutrient Dynamics in Mangrove Forests
Forests 2018, 9(10), 596; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9100596
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 15 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 25 September 2018
Cited by 2 | PDF Full-text (1031 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The cycling of essential nutrients is central to mangrove productivity. A mass balance shows that mangroves rely on soil ammonification, nitrification, and dissimilatory reduction to ammonium for available nitrogen. Mangroves are often nutrient limited and show tight coupling between nutrient availability and tree [...] Read more.
The cycling of essential nutrients is central to mangrove productivity. A mass balance shows that mangroves rely on soil ammonification, nitrification, and dissimilatory reduction to ammonium for available nitrogen. Mangroves are often nutrient limited and show tight coupling between nutrient availability and tree photosynthesis. This relationship and, thus, forest productivity can be disrupted by various disturbances such as deforestation, changes in hydrology due to impoundments, land-use change, increasing frequency and intensity of storms, increasing temperatures, increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations, and a rising sea-level. Deforestation and hydrological changes are the most devastating to soil nutrient-plant relations and mangrove productivity. Land-use changes can result in positive and negative impacts on mangroves and can also results in increasing frequency of storms and intensity of storms. Increasing temperatures and atmospheric CO2 levels have an initially enhanced effect on mangroves and microbial transformation rates of nitrogen and phosphorus. The effects of rising seas are complex and depend on the local rate of sea-level rise, the soil accretion rate, the subsidence or uplift rate, and the tidal position. If mangroves cannot keep pace with a sea-level rise, seaward mangroves will likely drown but landward mangroves will expand and show enhanced growth and more rapid nutrient cycling if space permits. Full article
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