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Special Issue "The Connection of Forest Dynamics and Carbon Accumulation"

A special issue of Forests (ISSN 1999-4907). This special issue belongs to the section "Forest Ecology and Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 June 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. John W. Coulston

USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Blacksburg, VA 24091
Website | E-Mail
Guest Editor
Dr. Grant M. Domke

USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, St. Paul, MN 55108
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +1 651 649 5138

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Globally, forests are recognized as a key asset for mitigating CO2 emissions. However, forest carbon sequestration and accumulation are influenced by forest dynamics. Within forests, biological, environmental, and management forces drive disturbance and succession, which ultimately shape and change forests, from local to global scales, over a range of temporal scales. The continuous shaping and changing of forests influence sequestration of carbon in live biomass and the accumulation and loss of carbon in dead organic matter and soil. Disturbances, such as fire, insect and disease outbreaks, wind events, and forest management activities, can have immediate impacts on forests, carbon sequestration, and accumulation. Complexity arises because carbon in forests can be transferred from live biomass to dead organic matter and soil carbon pools in response to disturbances which indicates that disturbance may not cause a complete emission but rather some loss of carbon as well as lateral transfer of carbon among live, dead organic matter, and soil carbon pools. Further, current and potential future shifts in climate and management practices influence both disturbance and succession suggesting that the current relationship between forest dynamics and carbon sequestration and storage may change in the future. To understand the carbon consequences of current and anticipated future changes a firm understanding of the relationship between forest dynamics, carbon sequestration, and carbon accumulation is needed. We encourage studies from all fields, including remote sensing applications, inventory approaches, modeling and projection techniques, and empirical approaches, to contribute to this special issue in order to promote a more complete understanding of the connection between forest dynamics, carbon sequestration, and carbon accumulation.

Dr. John W. Coulston
Dr. Grant M. Domke
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Forests is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Disturbances
  • Carbon accumulation
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Forest management
  • Post-disturbance regeneration
  • Climate change
  • Forest carbon pools
  • Forest carbon projections
  • Attribution

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle The Stability of Mean Wood Specific Gravity across Stand Age in US Forests Despite Species Turnover
Forests 2019, 10(2), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10020114
Received: 28 November 2018 / Revised: 30 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 31 January 2019
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Abstract
Research Highlights: Estimates using measurements from a sample of approximately 132,000 field plots imply that while the species composition of US forests varies substantially across different age groups, the specific gravity of wood in those forests does not. This suggests that models using [...] Read more.
Research Highlights: Estimates using measurements from a sample of approximately 132,000 field plots imply that while the species composition of US forests varies substantially across different age groups, the specific gravity of wood in those forests does not. This suggests that models using increasingly accurate spaceborne measurements of tree size to model forest biomass do not need to consider stand age as a covariate, greatly reducing model complexity and calibration data requirements. Background and Objectives: Upcoming lidar and radar platforms will give us unprecedented information about how big the trees around the world are. To estimate biomass from these measurements, one must know if tall trees in young stands have the same biomass density as trees of equal size in older stands. Conventional succession theory suggests that fast-growing pioneers often have lower wood (and biomass) density than the species that eventually dominate older stands. Materials and Methods: We used a nationally consistent database of field measurements to analyze patterns of both wood specific gravity (WSG) across age groups in the United States and changes of species composition that would explain any shifts in WSG. Results: Shifts in species composition were observed across 12 different ecological divisions within the US, reflecting both successional processes and management history impacts. However, steady increases in WSG with age were not observed, and WSG differences were much larger across ecosystems than across within-ecosystem age groups. Conclusions: With no strong evidence that age is important in specifying how much biomass to ascribe to trees of a particular size, field data collection can focus on acquiring reference data in poorly sampled ecosystems instead of expanding existing samples to include a range of ages for each level of canopy height. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Connection of Forest Dynamics and Carbon Accumulation)
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