Special Issue "Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Island"

A special issue of Environments (ISSN 2076-3298).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 May 2019).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Hideki Takebayashi
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Architecture, Graduate school of Engineering, Kobe University 1-1 Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan
Interests: urban heat islands; mitigation and adaptation measures; cool roof; green roof; cool pavement; urban ventilation; radiant environment; air conditioning load
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Mitigation measures, such as green roof, cool roof (high reflectance material), water retentive material, etc., have been developed with an expectation that they will serve as countermeasure effects of urban heat island. In recent years, adaptation measures, such as awning, louver, directional reflective material, mist, evaporative material, etc., are being developed with the expectation that they will serve as a countermeasure effect of outdoor human thermal environments, under the influence of a urban heat island. Focusing on the recently-developed technologies mentioned above, research papers on the development status, evaluation method and results of those technologies, as well as spread strategy in society, etc. are expected in this Special Issue. Of course studies on the phenomenon and mitigation measures of the urban heat islands are also welcomed.

Prof. Dr. Hideki Takebayashi
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Environments is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Urban Heat Island
  • Adaptation measures
  • Solar radiation shielding
  • Evaporative cooling
  • Reflection of solar radiation

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Potential of Urban Densification to Mitigate the Effects of Heat Island in Vienna, Austria
Environments 2019, 6(7), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments6070082 - 10 Jul 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
Global increase of urban population has brought about a growing demand for more dwelling space, resulting in various negative impacts, such as accelerated urbanization, urban sprawl and higher carbon footprints. To cope with these growth dynamics, city authorities are urged to consider alternative [...] Read more.
Global increase of urban population has brought about a growing demand for more dwelling space, resulting in various negative impacts, such as accelerated urbanization, urban sprawl and higher carbon footprints. To cope with these growth dynamics, city authorities are urged to consider alternative planning strategies aiming at mitigating the negative implications of urbanization. In this context, the present contribution investigates the potential of urban densification to mitigate the heat island effects and to improve outdoor thermal conditions. Focusing on a quite densely urbanized district in Vienna, Austria, we carried out a set of simulations of urban microclimate for pre- and post-densification scenarios using the parametric modelling environment Rhinoceros 3D and a set of built-in algorithms in the Rhino’s plug-in Grasshopper. The study was conducted for a hot summer period. The results revealed a notable solar shielding effect of newly introduced vertical extensions of existing buildings, promoting temperature decrease and improved thermal conditions within more shaded urban canyons and courtyards. However, a slight warming effect was noted during the night-time due to the higher thermal storage and lower sky view factor. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Island)
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Open AccessArticle
A Simple Method to Evaluate Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Island
Environments 2018, 5(6), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5060070 - 16 Jun 2018
Cited by 2
Abstract
In recent years, adaptation measures such as awnings, louvers, directional reflective materials, mist sprays, and evaporative materials, have been developed with the expectation that they will serve as effective solutions to outdoor human thermal environments that are under the influence of urban heat [...] Read more.
In recent years, adaptation measures such as awnings, louvers, directional reflective materials, mist sprays, and evaporative materials, have been developed with the expectation that they will serve as effective solutions to outdoor human thermal environments that are under the influence of urban heat island. A simple method to evaluate the aforementioned adaptation measures is examined in this study, focusing on their appropriate introduction on urban space. The influence of the solar transmittance of adaptation measures such as shading, on mean radiant temperature (MRT) is approximately 1.5 °C per 0.10. If a shielding device that reflects a large amount of solar radiation and facilitates high levels of evaporation is developed, MRT and standard new effective temperature (SET*) will both decrease. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Island)
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