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Battery Safety Diagnostics for Aerospace Electrification

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "D: Energy Storage and Application".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2021) | Viewed by 3820

Special Issue Editor

Energy Innovation Centre (EIC), WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Interests: lithium-ion battery; battery degradation; aerospace battery technology; battery safety diagnostice; eVTOL
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With the mandate of short-hull passenger flights by all-electric airplanes in 2040, the safety of battery systems never been of such great importance. Although batteries have successfully paved their way to the automotive industry, aerospace organizations continue to express concerns about battery safety. The academic and industrial communities thus need to extend their battery research that has so successfully accelerated the electrification of passenger cars into the future of air transport. To address these new challenges and opportunities, this Special Issue will focus on battery safety concerns and their diagnostic methodologies. Therefore, the topics of the contributions include but are not limited to:

  • Review of battery safety methodologies;
  • Recent progress on battery safety performance;
  • Novel methodologies for battery safety characterization;
  • Novel technologies for safer batteries;
  • Experimental studies to evaluate battery safety performance;
  • Battery safety modeling;
  • Autopsy studies of failed battery pack/module/cell;
  • New cell/module/pack design to improve battery safety performance;
  • Lighter, safer materials/design of battery pack for aerospace applications.

Dr. Anup Barai
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Aerospace battery technology
  • Electric aircraft
  • Hybrid aircraft
  • Battery safety
  • Characterization methodologies
  • Thermal runway
  • Aerospace electrification

Published Papers (1 paper)

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18 pages, 3090 KiB  
An Insight to the Degradation Behaviour of the Parallel Connected Lithium-Ion Battery Cells
by Mohammad Al-Amin, Anup Barai, T.R. Ashwin and James Marco
Energies 2021, 14(16), 4716; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14164716 - 4 Aug 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 3313
In an electric vehicle, a large number of lithium-ion cells are connected in parallel. While cells in parallel increase the reliability of the battery pack, it increases the probability of current imbalance between the parallel branches, thus ageing gradient. The current peak in [...] Read more.
In an electric vehicle, a large number of lithium-ion cells are connected in parallel. While cells in parallel increase the reliability of the battery pack, it increases the probability of current imbalance between the parallel branches, thus ageing gradient. The current peak in a cell also can exceed the maximum charge current capability of the cell; leading to lithium plating, therefore a safety issue. The temperature gradient within a battery pack amplifies this issue. This work reports the impact of such temperature gradient on current imbalance within parallel connected cells, their long-term impact on degradation and evaluation of current distribution with degradation. Employing a real-world relevant experimental setup, a total of 1400 cycles were performed on a module with four cells in parallel. A temperature gradient of 10 °C was introduced among the cells, and current in individual parallel branches was measured employing Hall-effect sensors. Over the course of the experiment, module capacity decreased by 23.6%. Cells at higher temperature/lower exposure to active cooling experienced higher degradation. However, the cell with the lowest starting capacity, although exposed to nominal module temperature and cooling experienced the highest current amplitude towards the end of discharge/charge and thus the highest resistance degradation. It was found that current in an individual parallel branch was exceeding the maximum rated charge/discharge current by 53%. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Battery Safety Diagnostics for Aerospace Electrification)
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