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Special Issue "Solid Waste Gasification"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Energy".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2018

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Mohammad Rasul

School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Australia
Website | E-Mail
Phone: (07)4930 9676-Ext:59676
Interests: Thermodynamics; Energy (Renewable, Industrial and Building Energy); Thermofluid Engineering; Power Plants and Process Industries; Biofuel and Energy Conversion (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, fluidization, etc.); Biodiesel and diesel engine performance and emission testing; Energy, Water and Environmental Sustainability

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Disposal of solid waste without adequate treatment generates significant environmental pollution. An environmentally acceptable way of managing solid waste is an important issue for 21st century’s urban waste management in both developed and developing countries. Solid waste is not a waste any more and it is now a source of renewable energy.  Literatures are available in the name of waste to energy (WtE) technology for converting solid waste into energy. Solid wastes can be; (i) biomass, or biogenic (plant or animal products), (ii) materials such as paper, cardboard, food waste, grass clippings, leaves, wood, leather products, (iii) non-biomass combustible materials such as plastics and other synthetic materials made from petroleum and (iv) non-combustible materials such as glass and metals. WtE technology plays an important role in the urban waste hierarchy making better use of waste that would otherwise be send to the landfill. These involves energy recovery from solid waste through various thermo-chemical conversion processes, such as gasification, pyrolysis, incineration, etc. The recovered energy can be used as a fuel for electricity generation. Besides recovery of significant energy, these technologies can lead to a substantial reduction in the overall waste quantities for final disposal that can significantly minimise environmental pollution.

This special issue will cover gasification technologies for converting solid waste including biomass into energy. In particular, the special issue will focus on assessing the performance of gasification technologies for converting solid/biomass waste into energy both experimentally and numerically. The scopes of the special issue are, but not limited to:

  • Potential solid waste and biomass resources
  • Review of different types of gasification technologies
  • Applications, opportunities and operational difficulties of gasification technologies
  • Analysis of technologies both experimentally and numerically
  • Performance comparison of gasification with other thermo-chemical conversion technologies such as pyrolysis, incineration, etc
  • Market potential of medium and large scale gasification
  • Policies needed to promote medium and large scale gasification plants in energy sector

Prof. Dr. Mohammad Rasul
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Potential solid waste and biomass resources
  • Review of different types of gasification technologies
  • Applications, opportunities and operational difficulties of gasification technologies
  • Analysis of technologies both experimentally and numerically
  • Performance comparison of gasification with other thermo-chemical conversion technologies such as pyrolysis, incineration, etc
  • Market potential of medium and large scale gasification
  • Policies needed to promote medium and large scale gasification plants in energy sector

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Migration and Transformation of Vanadium and Nickel in High Sulfur Petroleum Coke during Gasification Processes
Energies 2018, 11(8), 2158; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11082158
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 12 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 18 August 2018
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Abstract
The volatilization characteristics and occurrence forms of V and Ni in petroleum coke (petcoke) were investigated during steam (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) gasification on a fixed bed reactor at 800–1100 °C. The Tessier sequential chemical extraction procedure was
[...] Read more.
The volatilization characteristics and occurrence forms of V and Ni in petroleum coke (petcoke) were investigated during steam (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) gasification on a fixed bed reactor at 800–1100 °C. The Tessier sequential chemical extraction procedure was employed to determine the different forms of V and Ni. The results showed their volatilities were not dependent on the gasification atmosphere, but rather relied mainly on the reaction temperature. The CO2 atmosphere accelerated the conversion of organic-bound nickel to residual form at low temperature and promoted Fe-Mn oxides formation at high temperature. However, the H2O atmosphere was conducive to form vanadium bound to Fe-Mn oxides and promoted the decomposition of residual forms. In addition, the thermodynamic equilibrium calculations showed the volatilization of Ni mainly released Ni3S2 between 800–1100 °C. The H2O atmosphere was favorable to generate the more stable NixSy compound, thereby suppressing the volatilization of Ni, while the presence of CO2 led to an increase in residual V and decrease of Fe-Mn oxides. The V and Ni mainly caused erosion problems under the CO2 atmosphere while the fouling and slagging obviously increased under the H2O atmosphere with impacts gradually weakened with the increase of temperature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid Waste Gasification)
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