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Special Issue "EV Battery Thermal Management"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Thermal Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 June 2019)

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Dr. Ahmad Pesaran

Transportation and Hydrogen Systems Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado, USA
Website | E-Mail

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The market share of battery electric vehicles (EVs) is growing around the world, particularly in China where the growth rate is fastest, because of their potential for much lower local greenhouse gas emissions and a reduction of imported petroleum. The cost of lithium ion batteries for the EVs is coming down while their energy density is enhancing leading to increased EV range. This Special Issue focuses on the thermal management of EV batteries, which is essential for delivering a long life and good performance of the batteries. EV battery performance may be improved at higher temperatures, but their cycle and calendar life are degraded with higher temperatures due to an increased rate of side reactions. At colder temperatures, the energy and power density decrease, which affects EV acceleration capability and range. The scope of this Special Issue encompasses all types of thermal management systems, measurements needed for designing improvement in thermal management systems, modeling tools for faster design of thermal management systems, and, finally, examples of battery thermal management in select EVs in the market.

Dr. Ahmad Pesaran
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Battery 
  • Thermal management 
  • Thermal analysis 
  • Lithium ion 
  • Temperature
  • Cold or hot environment 
  • Cycle life 
  • Calendar life 
  • Electric vehicles 
  • Plug-in electric vehicles

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Open AccessArticle
Oscillating Heat Pipe Cooling System of Electric Vehicle’s Li-Ion Batteries with Direct Contact Bottom Cooling Mode
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1698; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091698
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 5 May 2019
PDF Full-text (4508 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Recently, the use of electrical vehicles has abruptly increased due to environmental crises. The high energy density of lithium-ion batteries is their main advantage for use in electric vehicles (EVs). However, the thermal management of Li-ion batteries is a challenge due to the [...] Read more.
Recently, the use of electrical vehicles has abruptly increased due to environmental crises. The high energy density of lithium-ion batteries is their main advantage for use in electric vehicles (EVs). However, the thermal management of Li-ion batteries is a challenge due to the poor heat resistance of Lithium ions. The performance and lifetime of lithium ion batteries are strongly affected by the internal operating temperature. Thermal characterization of battery cells is very important to ensure the consistent operation of a Li-ion battery for its application. In the present study, the OHP (Oscillating Heat Pipe) system is proposed as a battery cooling module, and experimental verification was carried out. OHP is characterized by a long evaporator section, an extremely short condenser section, and almost no adiabatic section. Experimental investigations were conducted using various parameters such as the filling ratio, orientation, coolant temperature, and heat flux. Average temperature of the heater’s surface was maintained at 56.4 °C using 14 W with 25 °C coolant water. The experimental results show that the present cooling technology basically meets the design goal of consistent operation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue EV Battery Thermal Management)

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