Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Functional Nanocomposites

A special issue of Crystals (ISSN 2073-4352). This special issue belongs to the section "Hybrid and Composite Crystalline Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2021) | Viewed by 2987

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
University of Akron, Akron, OH, USA
Interests: nanofibers; coatings; semiconducting oxides (TiO2, V2O5, ITO); materials characterization; electrospinning; functional nanomaterials; polymer nanocomposites; photocatalyst; environmental remediation

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Guest Editor
Chromaflo Technologies Corporation, Ashtabula, OH, USA
Interests: bio-based thermosets; polymer composites; carbon nanotubes; graphene

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Guest Editor
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India
Interests: polymer nanocomposites; polymer blends; carbon nanotube dispersion; graphene-based polymer nanocomposites

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Guest Editor
CNRS, Roberval (Mechanics, Energy and Electricity), Centre de recherche Royallieu, Université de technologie de Compiègne, CS 60 319, CEDEX, 60 203 Compiègne, France
Interests: nanocomposites; micromechanical modeling; homogenization; computational mechanics; polycrystalline material; relationship between microstructures and mechanical properties of materials

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue of Crystals focuses on the synthesis, properties, and potential applications of functional nanocomposites. Over the past few decades, functional nanocomposites (e.g., polymer–matrix, organic–inorganic, ceramic–matrix, polymer–silicate, bio-nanocomposites) have steadily grown in importance and are now considered a significant class of materials. Nanocomposites are solid materials that contain multiple phase domains, and at minimum one of these phase domains has a nanoscale structure (typically less than 100 nm) or structures that contain nanoscale repeating distances between the different phases that comprise the materials. In general, nanocomposite materials can dramatically enhance various properties, such as mechanical, including modulus, strength, and dimensional stability, thermal stability, chemical resistance, opto-electronic, etc., which depend on the inherent material characteristics, the morphology, and the interfacial characteristics of the components. As a result, there has been a growing amount of interest in nanocomposites research within academia and the polymer industry.

Research involving novel nanocomposites synthesis methods, nanocomposite formulation and fabrication techniques, characterization, and potential applications in many industrial fields is of particular importance today. Nanocomposites as functional materials are used in sustainable energy-harvesting-related applications (e.g., sensors, solar cells, photoelectron-catalysts, batteries, fuel cells), environmental remediation (photocatalytic degradation, membrane filtration, etc.) or biomedical applications (tissue engineering, wound dressing, drug delivery, etc.)., and in the development of lightweight engineered products with superior mechanical, thermal or chemical resistance properties, to name a few. In this context, the importance of this Special Issue on nanocomposites to highlight recent progress in the nanocomposites research area becomes clear.

This Special Issue titled “Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Functional Nanocomposites” offers a broad scope of recent studies on novel nanocomposite materials, formulation, fabrication, characterization (morphology, crystallinity, thermal stability, opto-electronics, etc.), structure–property relationships, and their applications. All the keywords mentioned below are mere examples to showcase the variety of acceptable topics and do not serve to limit the scope of this Special Issue. As such, authors are highly encouraged to submit papers on these topics and others that are linked to the general focus of the Special Issue. Furthermore, the Special Issue aims to highlight the challenges, future research scope, and novel applications of nanocomposites, which can also be in the form of a short review.

Dr. Monoj Ghosh
Dr. Santosh K Yadav
Dr. Arup Ranjan Bhattacharyya
Dr. Ludovic Cauvin
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Crystals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Polymer nanocomposite materials: including but not limited to graphene, CNT, carbon fiber, glass fiber, metal–oxide-based materials
  • Formulations/fabrication of nanocomposites
  • Organic–inorganic hybrids
  • Graphene, carbon fiber-based nanocomposites
  • Polymer nanocomposites
  • Functional nanocomposites
  • Surface functionalization
  • Structure–property relationship of nanocomposites Nanocomposites in engineering applications
  • Energy harvesting
  • Environmental remediation
  • Nanocomposites in photocatalysis

Published Papers (1 paper)

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16 pages, 3345 KiB  
Microwave Absorption Performance of Single-Layer and Multi-Layer Structures Prepared by CNTs/Fe3O4 Nonwoven Materials
by Rong Zhan, Jiaqiao Zhang, Qiang Gao, Qi Jia, Zhixiang Zhang, Guangyu Zhang and Wenyan Gu
Crystals 2021, 11(8), 1000; - 22 Aug 2021
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2400
Electromagnetic radiation can cause serious harm to the human body, such as the rise in body temperature and the decrease in immune function. In this study, the carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/Fe3O4 nonwovens were used to prepare wearable flexible absorbing materials. First, [...] Read more.
Electromagnetic radiation can cause serious harm to the human body, such as the rise in body temperature and the decrease in immune function. In this study, the carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/Fe3O4 nonwovens were used to prepare wearable flexible absorbing materials. First, the single-layer absorbing structures were prepared by hot rolling, dipping, and film fabrication, respectively. Then, the single-layer structures were combined to form the multi-layer absorbing structures. By testing and analyzing the absorbing performance of various structures in the X-band frequency range, the optimum combination scheme was found, together with a good reflection loss value of CNTs/Fe3O4 nonwoven material. The experiment results displayed that the single-layer hot-rolled nonwovens modified by CNTs have the best wave absorbing performance. Its minimum reflection loss of −18.59 dB occurred at 10.55 GHz, and the efficient frequency occurred at 8.86–12.40 GHz. The modified film can significantly improve the absorbing performance of multi-layer structures. In addition, the absorbing performance was closely related to both the place where the absorbing film was introduced and the type of absorbing fillers. When the film-forming CNTs (FC) film was located at the bottom layer of the multi-layer structure, the hot rolled CNTs hot rolled mixed reagent film forming CNTs (HC-HM-FC) structure constructed exhibited the best absorbing effects. Its minimum reflection loss can reach −33 dB, and the effective absorbing frequency range covered half of the X-band. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Functional Nanocomposites)
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