Special Issue "Hollow Cathode Deposition"

A special issue of Coatings (ISSN 2079-6412).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2020).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Stephen Gabriel
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
EEE Group, ECS, FPSE, Bldg 16, Room 2011, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Interests: Low temperature plasmas; space electric propulsion including gridded ion engines and pulsed plasma thrusters; micropropulsion for cube/nano sats; formation flying of cube/nano sats; hollow cathodes; space environments and interactions with spacecraft including radiation environments; in particular solar energetic particle events

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Hollow cathodes are a source of high density plasma which can be used for several different applications, including lasers, electron emitters, calibration lamps and materials processing. The term hollow cathode in itself refers to the geometry of the cathode which can consist of a pair of closely spaced planar electrodes or a tube. The hollow cathode effect was first discovered around a century ago and refers to the change in the voltage and current characteristics of a glow or arc discharge when a hollow cathode is used rather than a planar cathode. Generally speaking the voltages and current densities are lower and higher, respectively than with a planar cathode.

These cathodes can be used with many types of gas, gas flow or static gas and over a wide range of pressures from fractions of a torr to atmospheric pressures. In addition, the dimensions of the geometry can range from cms down to fractions of a mm in, what are known as, micro hollow cathodes.

Despite having been investigated for many decades, there are still gaps in our knowledge of some of the fundamental mechanisms at play. This Issue will focus on some of these gaps with emphasis on the application to deposition. Topics of significance will include surface interactions inside the cathode, transport of sputtered wall material out of the cathode interior, current attachment and plasma instabilities in the interelectrode plasma. Contributions are invited on the following:

  • Deposition of thin films of metallic and dielectric materials using both internal and external hollow cathode plasmas;
  • Measurement of hollow cathode plasma plume parameters;
  • Optical and other diagnostics of both internal and external hollow cathode plasmas;
  • Novel hollow cathode configurations including micro hollow cathode arrays manufactured using MEMS techniques;
  • Numerical and analytic modelling of hollow cathodes;
  • Surface interactions in the interior of the cathode.


Stephen Gabriel
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Coatings is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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