Climate: 10th Anniversary

A special issue of Climate (ISSN 2225-1154).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2023) | Viewed by 5274

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Department of Civil Engineering, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
Interests: climate change; water resources planning; groundwater; land–atmosphere interaction; sustainable agriculture; urban ecological design; carbon cycle monitoring; renewable energy resource assessment; probabilistic forecasting; data assimilation; model uncertainty assessment
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Department of Mathematical and Informatics Sciences, Physical Sciences and Earth Sciences (MIFT), University of Messina, Viale F. Stagno D’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
Interests: structural and dynamical characterization of material systems; spectral characterization technology
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Meteoceanics Institute for Complex System Science, Washington, DC 20004, USA
Interests: physics of complex systems; information theory; nonlinear statistical physics; nonlinear dynamics; nonlinear statistics; fluid dynamical systems; climate dynamics; earth system dynamics; nonlinear geophysics; atmospheric physics
* Section Editor-in-Chief
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

2023 marks the 10th anniversary of the journal Climate (ISSN 2225-1154). Climate is an independent, international and multi-disciplinary open access journal focusing on climate processes, interactions and feedbacks across the Earth system, covering all spatiotemporal scales and involving a diversity of modelling, analysis and observation methods. Its 2021 CiteScore is 4.7, ranking Q2 in the category “Atmospheric Science”. Until now, Climate has published more than 900 papers, among which more than 280 have received more than 10 citations. We sincerely appreciate and value the contributions made by authors, reviewers and academic editors.

To celebrate this 10th anniversary, we are arranging a special issue entitled “Climate: 10th Anniversary”. This special issue will include high-quality papers on topics within the broad scope of Climate. It is our pleasure to invite you to contribute with an original research paper or a comprehensive review article on a trendy topic for peer review and possible publication.

We particularly welcome review and perspective articles on developments over the last 10 years in different areas and methods of climate science, which also highlight open problems and promising research directions, paving new and emerging pathways at and beyond the frontiers of climate science.

Dr. Nir Y. Krakauer
Prof. Dr. Salvatore Magazù
Prof. Dr. Rui A. P. Perdigão
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Climate is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • climate research at various spatial and temporal scales
  • interdisciplinary climate research
  • climate mitigation and adaptation

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

22 pages, 3992 KiB  
Article
Assessing the Emissions Related to European Households’ Expenditures and Their Impact on Achieving Carbon Neutrality
by Ilaria Perissi, Davide Natalini and Aled Jones
Climate 2023, 11(10), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli11100203 - 10 Oct 2023
Viewed by 1899
Abstract
The European Green Deal comprises various policy initiatives with the goal of reaching carbon neutrality by 2050. The “Fit for 55 packages” include the Social Climate Fund, which aims to help, among others, vulnerable households and transport users meet the costs of the [...] Read more.
The European Green Deal comprises various policy initiatives with the goal of reaching carbon neutrality by 2050. The “Fit for 55 packages” include the Social Climate Fund, which aims to help, among others, vulnerable households and transport users meet the costs of the green energy transition. Thus, analyzing households’ expenditures and the associated carbon emissions is crucial to achieving a net-zero society. In the present study, we combine scenarios of households’ expenditures according to the Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose with economic decoupling scenarios to assess, for the first time, the European carbon budget allocation on a consumption basis. Expenditure projections based on socioeconomic scenarios were calculated using the Bayesian structural time series, and the associated emissions were estimated through the greenhouse gas intensity of the Gross Domestic Product. The model can be used to report the carbon budget of households and monitor the effectiveness of the measures funded by the Social Climate Fund. However, the emissions burden obtained by means of averaged greenhouse gas intensity of Gross Domestic Product results in a rough approximation of outcomes, and more accurate indicators should be developed across the member states. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate: 10th Anniversary)
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12 pages, 4562 KiB  
Communication
Observation of an Extremely Dry Atmospheric Air Column above Bern
by Klemens Hocke and Wenyue Wang
Climate 2023, 11(3), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli11030063 - 10 Mar 2023
Viewed by 1287
Abstract
The water vapour column density or vertically integrated water vapour (IWV) ranges from about 8 mm in winter to about 25 mm in summer in Bern, Switzerland. However, there can be day episodes when IWV drops to 2 mm or even less so [...] Read more.
The water vapour column density or vertically integrated water vapour (IWV) ranges from about 8 mm in winter to about 25 mm in summer in Bern, Switzerland. However, there can be day episodes when IWV drops to 2 mm or even less so that the atmosphere is extremely dry. We selected an event in February 2021 when the tropospheric water radiometer TROWARA measured a mean IWV value of about 1.5 ± 0.2 mm for a time interval of about one day in Bern. The ECMWF reanalysis ERA5 indicated a slightly higher IWV value of about 2.2 ± 0.4 mm where the uncertainty is the standard deviation of IWV during the time of IWV depression. The ERA5 profiles of relative humidity and specific humidity during this episode are reduced by 50% and more compared to the monthly mean profiles. On a global map, it can be seen that Bern is within a mesoscale dry region on that day with descending wind. Back trajectory analysis gives the result that the dry air masses in Bern came from the North and the trajectories are descending in altitude so that dry air from the mid troposphere came into the lower troposphere. These descending air masses from the North explain the minimum of IWV observed in Bern on 13–14 February 2021. The surface climate in Switzerland was dominated by a cold wave at that time. At the same time, severe cold waves occurred in Greece and Northern America. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate: 10th Anniversary)
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16 pages, 3508 KiB  
Article
Efficiency of the NWC SAF Version 2021 CRRPh Precipitation Product: Comparison against Previous NWC SAF Precipitation Products and the Influence of Topography
by Athanasios Karagiannidis, José Alberto Lahuerta, Xavier Calbet, Llorenç Lliso, Konstantinos Lagouvardos, Vassiliki Kotroni and Pilar Ripodas
Climate 2023, 11(2), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli11020034 - 25 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1377
Abstract
The algorithm of the Convective Rainfall Rate with Microphysical Properties (CRRPh) product of the 2021 version of the Nowcasting and Very Short Range Forecasting Satellite Application Facility (NWC SAF) presents innovative characteristics. It was developed employing principal components analysis to reduce the number [...] Read more.
The algorithm of the Convective Rainfall Rate with Microphysical Properties (CRRPh) product of the 2021 version of the Nowcasting and Very Short Range Forecasting Satellite Application Facility (NWC SAF) presents innovative characteristics. It was developed employing principal components analysis to reduce the number of utilized parameters and uses the same mathematical scheme for day and night, simulating the missing visual channels and satellite-derived cloud water path information that is unavailable during nighttime. Applying adequate statistical methodologies and scores and using rain gauge data as ground truth, it is shown that the new algorithm appears to be significantly improved compared to its predecessors in regard to the delineation of the precipitation areas. In addition, it minimizes the day–night difference in the estimation efficiency, which is a remarkable achievement. The new product suffers from slightly higher errors in the precipitation accumulations. Finally, it is shown that topography does not seem to affect the estimation efficiency of the product. In light of these results, it is argued that, overall, the new algorithm outperforms its predecessors and, possibly after adequate adaptations, can be used as a real-time total precipitation product. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate: 10th Anniversary)
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