Topical Collection "Stem Cells and Cancer Therapeutics"

A topical collection in Biomedicines (ISSN 2227-9059). This collection belongs to the section "Cancer Biology and Therapeutics".

Editors

Dr. Lluis Espinosa
Website
Collection Editor
Stem Cells and Cancer Research Laboratory, CIBERONC. Institut Hospital del Mar Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: signaling pathways; NF-kappaB; Notch; intestinal stem cells; colorectal cancer
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Teresa Lobo-Jarne
Website
Guest Editor
Stem Cells and Cancer Research Laboratory, CIBERONC. Institut Hospital del Mar Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: cancer metabolism, colorectal cancer, therapy resistance, patient-derived organoids, big data analysis

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

Stems cells are defined as cells with the ability to self-renew and to differentiate into multiple lineages. This definition applies to both physiologic and pathologic conditions such as cancer, although functional differences in these cell populations crucially impact on their behavior. In the case of cancer, multiple experimental pieces of evidence support the existence of specific cell populations that are functionally identified for their capacity to initiate and propagate tumors. These cells have been classically called tumor initiating cells (TICs) or cancer stem cells (CSCs) and are supposed to possess stem cell-like properties, including long-term self-renewal, capacity of multi-lineage differentiation, increased resistance to therapy, and the ability to promote tumor relapse and metastasis. As in normal stem cells, essential developmental related pathways such as Wnt, Notch, Hedgehog, NF-kappaB, or JAK/STAT participate in supporting TIC capacity. This Special Issue will focus on understanding the molecular mechanisms that control normal and cancer-related stemness and the tools that are currently available for studying them both in vitro and in vivo. In particular, we will pay attention to how TICs contribute to cancer progression and therapy resistance, and the possibility of specifically targeting TIC in anti-cancer therapies.

Dr. Lluis Espinosa
Dr. Anna Vert
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Signaling pathways in normal and tumor stem cells
  • Cancer stem cells and their biology
  • Stem cells and metastasis
  • In vivo models for studying normal and cancer stem cells
  • In vitro models for studying normal and cancer stem cells
  • Targeting cancer stem cells

Published Papers (1 paper)

2019

Open AccessArticle
Stem Cell Surgery and Growth Factors in Retinitis Pigmentosa Patients: Pilot Study after Literature Review
Biomedicines 2019, 7(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines7040094 - 30 Nov 2019
Cited by 3
Abstract
To evaluate whether grafting of autologous mesenchymal cells, adipose-derived stem cells, and platelet-rich plasma into the supracoroideal space by surgical treatment with the Limoli retinal restoration technique (LRRT) can exert a beneficial effect in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients. Twenty-one eyes underwent surgery and [...] Read more.
To evaluate whether grafting of autologous mesenchymal cells, adipose-derived stem cells, and platelet-rich plasma into the supracoroideal space by surgical treatment with the Limoli retinal restoration technique (LRRT) can exert a beneficial effect in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients. Twenty-one eyes underwent surgery and were divided based on retinal foveal thickness (FT) ≤ 190 or > 190 µm into group A-FT and group B-FT, respectively. The specific LRRT triad was grafted in a deep scleral pocket above the choroid of each eye. At 6-month follow-up, group B showed a non-significant improvement in residual close-up visus and sensitivity at microperimetry compared to group A. After an in-depth review of molecular biology studies concerning degenerative phenomena underlying the etiopathogenesis of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), it was concluded that further research is needed on tapeto-retinal degenerations, both from a clinical and molecular point of view, to obtain better functional results. In particular, it is necessary to increase the number of patients, extend observation timeframes, and treat subjects in the presence of still trophic retinal tissue to allow adequate biochemical and functional catering. Full article
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