Topical Collection "Stem Cells and Cancer Therapeutics"
A topical collection in Biomedicines (ISSN 2227-9059).
Stems cells are defined as cells with the ability to self-renew and to differentiate into multiple lineages. This definition applies to both physiologic and pathologic conditions such as cancer, although functional differences in these cell populations crucially impact on their behavior. In the case of cancer, multiple experimental pieces of evidence support the existence of specific cell populations that are functionally identified for their capacity to initiate and propagate tumors. These cells have been classically called tumor initiating cells (TICs) or cancer stem cells (CSCs) and are supposed to possess stem cell-like properties, including long-term self-renewal, capacity of multi-lineage differentiation, increased resistance to therapy, and the ability to promote tumor relapse and metastasis. As in normal stem cells, essential developmental related pathways such as Wnt, Notch, Hedgehog, NF-kappaB, or JAK/STAT participate in supporting TIC capacity. This Special Issue will focus on understanding the molecular mechanisms that control normal and cancer-related stemness and the tools that are currently available for studying them both in vitro and in vivo. In particular, we will pay attention to how TICs contribute to cancer progression and therapy resistance, and the possibility of specifically targeting TIC in anti-cancer therapies.
Dr. Lluis Espinosa
Dr. Anna Vert
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- Signaling pathways in normal and tumor stem cells
- Cancer stem cells and their biology
- Stem cells and metastasis
- In vivo models for studying normal and cancer stem cells
- In vitro models for studying normal and cancer stem cells
- Targeting cancer stem cells