Characterization and Testing Methods for Biomaterials and Biomimetic Structures

A special issue of Bioengineering (ISSN 2306-5354).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2022) | Viewed by 5793

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Cell- and Neurobiology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
Interests: biomaterials; 3D microfabrication; two-photon lithography; direct laser writing; cell biology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Novel biomaterials are essential to realize functional structures and devices for biological applications. Fabrication and processing techniques (e.g., direct laser writing, UV lithography, bioprinting, soft lithography) make use of biocompatible materials and allow modeling them in organized micro- and macrostructures. In turn, these can work as scaffolds for cell expansion, platforms for single-cell studies, or devices to be implanted in vivo. Therefore, the connection between materials choice, manufacturing techniques, and biological relevance is extremely tight, and it is not possible to think about functional applications without proper evaluation of the chemical, mechanical, and structural properties of the used materials.

This Special Issue focuses on the most recent advances in techniques and methodologies to assess structural and functional properties of materials for biological applications. Addressed topics include but are not limited to:

  • Nondestructive techniques for biomaterials characterization, with special reference to hydrogels and polymers for scaffolding;
  • Innovative mechanical testing procedures;
  • Biochemical and functional characterization strategies;
  • Optical, electron, and atomic force microscopy techniques for the investigation of material properties;
  • Novel approaches to study rheological properties of cell-laden bio-inks;
  • Testing on 3D structures;
  • Evaluation of time-dependent mechanical and chemical properties in stimuli-responsive materials.

Original research contributions will be prioritized, but critical reviews about the state of the art, current limitations, and future perspectives are also welcome.

Dr. Enrico Lemma
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Bioengineering is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

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Keywords

  • biomaterials
  • biomimetic structures
  • 3D scaffolds
  • material testing
  • characterization
  • mechanical testing
  • 4D scaffolds
  • bioprinting
  • mechanical characterization
  • functional materials
  • biopolymers
  • bioceramics
  • bioinks
  • hydrogels
  • additive manufacturing
  • AFM
  • structural mechanics
  • materials modelling
  • rheology
  • optical characterization
  • electron microscopy

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

13 pages, 652 KiB  
Review
Wearables for Biomechanical Performance Optimization and Risk Assessment in Industrial and Sports Applications
by Sam McDevitt, Haley Hernandez, Jamison Hicks, Russell Lowell, Hamza Bentahaikt, Reuben Burch, John Ball, Harish Chander, Charles Freeman, Courtney Taylor and Brock Anderson
Bioengineering 2022, 9(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering9010033 - 13 Jan 2022
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 5313
Abstract
Wearable technologies are emerging as a useful tool with many different applications. While these devices are worn on the human body and can capture numerous data types, this literature review focuses specifically on wearable use for performance enhancement and risk assessment in industrial- [...] Read more.
Wearable technologies are emerging as a useful tool with many different applications. While these devices are worn on the human body and can capture numerous data types, this literature review focuses specifically on wearable use for performance enhancement and risk assessment in industrial- and sports-related biomechanical applications. Wearable devices such as exoskeletons, inertial measurement units (IMUs), force sensors, and surface electromyography (EMG) were identified as key technologies that can be used to aid health and safety professionals, ergonomists, and human factors practitioners improve user performance and monitor risk. IMU-based solutions were the most used wearable types in both sectors. Industry largely used biomechanical wearables to assess tasks and risks wholistically, which sports often considered the individual components of movement and performance. Availability, cost, and adoption remain common limitation issues across both sports and industrial applications. Full article
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