The Multiple Facets of Epilepsy

A special issue of Behavioral Sciences (ISSN 2076-328X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 April 2023) | Viewed by 3697

Special Issue Editors

Oasi Research Institute-IRCCS, 94018 Troina, Italy
Interests: epilepsy; encephalopathies; autism; intellectual disability; primary headache; rare genetic syndromes
Oasi Research Institute-IRCCS, 94018 Troina, Italy
Interests: neurodevelopmental disorders; epilepsy; autism; intellectual disability; primary headache; rare genetic syndromes; neuropsychological disorders; psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is with great pleasure that I invite you to contribute an article to a Special Issue on epilepsy and its multiple faces. This Special Issue will feature original research papers, communications, case reports and review articles.

Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain. It represents one of the most widespread chronic diseases, affecting about 50 million people worldwide.

Epilepsy has numerous etiologies, some of which have yet to be fully elucidated. Seizures can produce a plethora of different clinical manifestations with a wide range of severities and varying impacts on individuals and their families.

Moreover, regarding seizures, the complex phenotypes of people with epilepsy are often complicated by the presence of psychiatric and medical comorbidities. Several diseases, including depression, anxiety, dementia, migraine, heart disease, peptic ulcers, and arthritis, are more common in people with epilepsy than in the general population. Many patients often report cognitive problems.

Therefore, epilepsy can be considered as a common multifaced spectrum disorder. 

This Special Issue will collect new evidence about the genetic and environmental etiological factors of epilepsy, new diagnosis strategies, new developments in management and treatment, as well as innovative insights on the neuropsychological and cognitive implications of epilepsy. Therefore, I invite clinicians, researchers, psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, and pediatricians from different countries to contribute to this Special Issue in order to acquire new perspectives on the multiple facets of epilepsy.

Dr. Maurizio Elia
Dr. Michele Roccella
Dr. Luigi Vetri
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Behavioral Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • epilepsy
  • epileptic encephalopathies
  • EEG
  • genetic
  • comorbidity
  • cognitive
  • neuropsychology
  • seizures
  • antiepileptic drugs
  • quality of life

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Editorial

Jump to: Review

3 pages, 200 KiB  
Editorial
Epilepsy: A Multifaced Spectrum Disorder
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13020097 - 23 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1020
Abstract
Epilepsy is one of the most widespread chronic conditions, affecting about 50 million people worldwide [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Multiple Facets of Epilepsy)

Review

Jump to: Editorial

19 pages, 651 KiB  
Review
Poor School Academic Performance and Benign Epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes
Behav. Sci. 2023, 13(2), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs13020106 - 28 Jan 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1940
Abstract
Background: Poor academic performance of students with epilepsy seems to be a multifactorial problem related to difficulties in reading, writing, math, and logic skills. Poor school and academic performances refer to learning problems in a specific academic area due to learning disorders and [...] Read more.
Background: Poor academic performance of students with epilepsy seems to be a multifactorial problem related to difficulties in reading, writing, math, and logic skills. Poor school and academic performances refer to learning problems in a specific academic area due to learning disorders and learning difficulties not excluding the ability to learn in a different manner during school and academic life. Sometimes, school, academic difficulties, and Rolandic epilepsy can coexist together, and there may be comorbidities. Consequently, the risk of impaired academic performance in people with epilepsy is high. Methods: This review analyzed the relationship between Benign Epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes (BECTS) and poor school and academic performance (PSAP) in children and adolescents (aged 6 to 19), and in adults (aged 20 to no age limit). The PRISMA guideline was used to guide our review strategy. Results: This research shows that Benign Epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes (BECTS) and poor school and academic performances are strongly correlated. An early onset age, as well as a long persistence of seizures, correlate more closely with PSAP. On the other hand, it appears that good pharmacological control of seizures and remission from the acute phase of the pathology support better school performance. Conclusions: This review highlights how neuropsychological aspects are also involved in patients with BECTS and PSAP, both in the greater predisposition to the establishment of other neuropsychiatric conditions and in the possibility that stigma conditions and poor academic results may have repercussions on the adaptation and functioning of these subjects. Global management of the subject with BECTS and PSAP is essential, which also pays attention to the aspects of social and scholastic inclusion, both to achieve age-appropriate educational and behavioral objectives, to give the necessary tools for the growth of the individual, and to allow a serene transition to adulthood, favoring autonomous learning and better outcomes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Multiple Facets of Epilepsy)
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