Special Issue "African Rainfall Variability: Science and Society"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2018) | Viewed by 11868
Interests: improving understanding of the fundamental dynamics of African weather systems and downstream tropical cyclogenesis; developing user-centred integrated climate early warning systems, based on the Rainwatch AfClix monitoring/prediction platform; African rainfall variability and predictability of extreme precipitation events; knowledge Exchange and experiential learning for managing climate resilience; governance and decision-making for climate change adaptation
Interests: hydrology; water resources,;stochastic hydrology; physical geography; water scarcity
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The Sahel-Soudano zone that spans North Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia, has experienced pronounced climatic variability (and conflicts) for millennia. This home to 250 million people—one quarter of Africa’s population—is a fragile transition zone in environmental and human terms. From south-to-north, rainfall decreases from around 30 inches per year on average to essentially nothing. Back-to-back contrasting rain years (deficits in 2011, floods in 2012) left over 18 million people in the West African Sahel threatened by food shortages between 2012 and 2013, highlighting yet again the strong the dependence between livelihoods on rainfall in the region. Ironically (tragically, even), the stakeholders within the Sahel have less access to, and therefore use less, instrumental rainfall information for planning and management than almost anywhere else in the world. Furthermore, short-term weather and seasonal climate forecasting have limited skill for West Africa. Whilst many of the National Hydrological and Meteorological agencies are making impressive efforts to produce tailored climate forecasts for their stakeholders, most appear to be country specific.
Recognizing these constraints, this Special Issue presents the latest understanding of African rainfall variability and on-going efforts to translate this into useable information through knowledge co-production and dissemination, to assure content relevance and accuracy for intended purposes. Stakeholders must establish practical innovations to anticipate impending crises and work collaboratively across the region to share information and strengthen supporting infrastructure. Within this framework, timely access to user-relevant climate information, access to relevant and reliable forecasts, and the ability of stakeholders to act on that information through effective strategic partnerships will prove the difference between coping proactively with emerging climate challenges and perpetuating the cycle of climate triggers and crisis.
Prof. Dr. Rosalind Cornforth
Prof. Dr. Aondover Tarhule
Manuscript Submission Information
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