A section of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433).
Biosphere/Hydrosphere/Land–Atmosphere interactions play a crucial role in weather and climate. Surface water and energy exchange fluxes drive the diurnal and seasonal dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer, on both local and regional scales. Surface–atmosphere trace gas exchange fluxes affect the chemical composition of the boundary layer, acting both as a source and a sink of atmospheric trace species, including both greenhouse gases and more reactive species that drive atmospheric chemistry, such as isoprene. Together, these surface–atmosphere interactions thus dominate the environmental conditions of life on Earth. As man-made emissions are altering the Earth’s energy budget, surface–atmosphere interactions are changing as well. Magnified or reduced hydrologic cycles and slowly changing biosphere and land surface conditions owing to land use change or increasing frequency of extreme weather and climate occurrences, will not only alter local to regional energy and water fluxes, but also trace gas exchange rates. Both are expected to create feedbacks on atmospheric conditions, including atmospheric chemistry, which will need to be understood to project future risks, and to effectively respond with mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Atmosphere invites contributions analyzing how local to regional energy and trace gas exchanges between the surface and the atmosphere affect atmospheric conditions, including, but no limited to, weather and climate phenomena from local to regional scales, exchange mechanisms, greenhouse gas and other trace gas fluxes and their atmospheric reactions, deposition processes, or anthropogenic land use change effects.
- Atmospheric boundary layer;
- Surface–atmospheric interactions;
- Land–atmospheric interactions;
- Forests–atmosphere interactions;
- Air–sea interactions;
- Wind–wave interactions.
Following special issues within this section are currently open for submissions:
- Turbulence, Waves and Transport in Stratified, Rotating Fluid and Plasma Flows (Deadline: 15 August 2020)
- Gaseous Emissions of Reactive Nitrogen from Beef and Dairy Cattle Production (Deadline: 20 August 2020)
- Air-Sea Interaction (Deadline: 25 August 2020)
- Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources (Deadline: 15 September 2020)
- Chemistry of Aqueous Surfaces in the Atmospheric Context (Deadline: 9 October 2020)
- Coupled Fire-Atmosphere Simulation (Deadline: 15 October 2020)
- Plant-Derived Volatiles and Their Contribution to Secondary Organic Aerosol (Deadline: 25 October 2020)
- Central America and Caribbean Hydrometeorology and Hydroclimate (Deadline: 31 October 2020)
- Atmospheric Turbulence Processes and Wildland Fires (Deadline: 10 November 2020)
- The Interrelationships between Near-Surface Ecological Processes and Air–Sea Exchange of Gases and Particles (Deadline: 14 December 2020)
- The Impact of Climate on the Water Environment (Deadline: 18 December 2020)
- Physics of Flow and Transport in Urban Canopy Layers (Deadline: 25 December 2020)
- Plant Ecosystems in a Changing World: Monitoring, Modelling and Risk Assessment (Deadline: 31 December 2020)
- Recent Advances in Coupled Hydrology - Vegetation-Atmosphere Modelling (Deadline: 8 January 2021)
- The Role of Vegetation in Land-Climate Interaction (Deadline: 15 January 2021)
- Carbon, Nutrient and Greenhouse Gas Dynamics in Estuaries and Wetlands (Deadline: 20 January 2021)
- Impact of Climate and Land-Use Change on the Earth’s Critical Zone (Deadline: 30 January 2021)
- Climate-Ecosystem Interaction in Northern Wetlands (Deadline: 25 February 2021)
- Atmosphere–Biosphere Interaction Monitoring and Modelling: Impact on Meteorological and Climate Conditions at Small Scales (Deadline: 28 February 2021)
- Modeling of Surface-Atmosphere Interactions (Deadline: 31 March 2021)
- Hydrometeorological Extremes and Its Local Impacts on Human-Environmental Systems (Deadline: 15 April 2021)