Special Issue "Intensified and Innovative Bio/Chemical/Physical Processes for the Degradation of Organic Pollutants in Wastewaters"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental and Sustainable Science and Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Giorgio Vilardi
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Guest Editor
Department of Chemical Engineering Materials Environment, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
Interests: process intensification; methanation; P2G; exergy; industrial and environmental catalysis; nano-catalysts production; adsorption; plant units design and modelling; process development and scale-up; dynamic modelling; wastewater treatment
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Boczkaj
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Co-Guest Editor
Department of Process Engineering and Chemical Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
Interests: advanced oxidation processes (aops); hydroxyl radicals; sulfate radicals; cavitation; wastewater treatment; environmental protection; separation techniques, technical analytics and quality control
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The development of innovative wastewater treatment processes is considered a fundamental task for various researchers and companies, since the re-utilization of wastewater in the same process that has generated it is one of the pillars of a circular economy. The process of intensification may allow maximizing the process performances by means of innovative equipment or particular operative conditions. For instance, various biological/chemical and physical treatments can be intensified by optimizing the fluid dynamics conditions established in the used reactor. A number of innovative treatment processes have been developed in the last decades, taking advantage of different energy sources and phenomena (cavitation, microwaves, ultrasounds, etc.) or by means of nano-photo/catalysts, such as iron-based, zinc-based, and titanium-based nanoparticles.

In this Special Issue, interested researchers are invited to submit original research papers, as well as review articles, on any topic related to the intensification of well-known biological/chemical or physical wastewater treatment or related to the development of innovative treatment processes, focusing on organic pollutant degradation/removal. The studies should report the experimental data modelling and/or possible equipment modelling for industrial scale-up of the proposed technology.

Dr. Giorgio Vilardi
Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Boczkaj
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Process intensification
  • Cavitation
  • Biochemical degradation
  • Innovative treatment
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Micro-mixing
  • Reactor scale-up
  • Microwaves
  • Ultrasounds

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
A Rapid Experimental Procedure to Assess Environmental Compatibility of Conditioning Mixtures Used in TBM-EPB Technology
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(12), 4138; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124138 - 16 Jun 2020
Abstract
Earth Pressure Balance (EPB) Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM) are currently the most widely used machines to perform tunnel excavation, particularly in urban areas. This technology involves the injection of chemicals as conditioning mixtures, which commonly raises concerns limiting the reuse of soils after [...] Read more.
Earth Pressure Balance (EPB) Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM) are currently the most widely used machines to perform tunnel excavation, particularly in urban areas. This technology involves the injection of chemicals as conditioning mixtures, which commonly raises concerns limiting the reuse of soils after excavation. This study deals with the prospect of a simplified, rapid and replicable methodology for the evaluation of the biodegradability of these conditioning mixtures. For this purpose, the biodegradation of three commercial conditioning mixtures was investigated in closed bottle tests by investigating the effect of different mixtures dosages and two different inocula (soil humus and Bacillus Clausii). While using soil humus as inoculum, a comparative study of biodegradation of the three investigated mixtures was successfully carried out; in the case of Bacillus Clausii, it was not possible to make a comparison between the different formulations in a short time. The adoption of soil humus satisfied only the criteria of rapid test, while the Bacillus Clausii, as specific inoculum, can meet the criteria of replicable results. For this reason, in the second part of this experimental study, a rapid and replicable procedure was proposed and validated. A kinetic study of organic carbon removal was also carried out. Full article
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