Innovative Nanomaterials in Applied Sciences

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Nanotechnology and Applied Nanosciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 December 2020) | Viewed by 10541

Special Issue Editors


E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Nanotechnology and Integrated Bioengineering Centre (NIBEC), School of Engineering, Ulster University, Northern Ireland BT37 0QB, UK
Interests: biosensors; nanomaterials; plasmonics; applied physics

E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Nanotechnology and Integrated Bioengineering Centre, School of Engineering, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK
Interests: SPM; biomechanics; nanotechnology; imaging; characterization
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With recent progresses in the field of nanomaterial design & synthesis and with the discovery of new material characteristics at nanoscale, nanomaterials have shown a potential with unprecedented growth for its use in next generation healthcare diagnostics, food safety, environment monitoring, energy, security and as potential green materials to tackle climate change. Currently a large number of researchers all around the globe are developing new nanomaterials with exciting applications in the aforementioned sectors. The aim of this Special Issue is to collect reports on design, synthesis and characterization of novel nanomaterials while demonstrating clear applications in the field of applied sciences. Submissions in form of full-length articles, reviews, communications and mini-reviews on nanoscience/technology at the interface of engineering, biology, physics, chemistry and materials are encouraged for submission. 

Dr. Nikhil Bhalla
Dr. Amir Farokh Payam
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • characterisation of functional nanomaterials;
  • nanobiosensors;
  • nanocatalysis;
  • nanocomposites;
  • nano energy;
  • nanofabrication;
  • nanofluidics;
  • nanoparticles;
  • nanoscience;
  • 2d-nanomaterials

Published Papers (2 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Jump to: Review

14 pages, 3078 KiB  
Article
Silver Nanoparticles Ecofriendly Synthesized by Achyranthes aspera and Scoparia dulcis Leaf Broth as an Effective Fungicide
by Ngoc Thuy Trang Le, Dai Hai Nguyen, Ngoc Hoi Nguyen, Yern Chee Ching, Dong Yen Pham Nguyen, Cuong Quoc Ngo, Hang Nguyen Thi Nhat and Thai Thanh Hoang Thi
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(7), 2505; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10072505 - 05 Apr 2020
Cited by 19 | Viewed by 4351
Abstract
This study describes an inexpensive, simple and green method to form silver nanoparticles from different leaf extracts of Achyranthes aspera and Scoparia dulcis plants. The silver nitrate is reduced by Achyranthes aspera and Scoparia dulcis leaf extracts respectively to generate two silver nanoparticle [...] Read more.
This study describes an inexpensive, simple and green method to form silver nanoparticles from different leaf extracts of Achyranthes aspera and Scoparia dulcis plants. The silver nitrate is reduced by Achyranthes aspera and Scoparia dulcis leaf extracts respectively to generate two silver nanoparticle types symbolized as AA.AgNPs and SD.AgNPs. The optical absorption, size and morphology of silver nanoparticles are significantly impacted by extract types. The ultraviolet visible spectrum of AA.AgNPs shows a 433-nm peak being more broadened than that of SD.AgNPs. The Fourier infrared transform spectra of two of these silver nanoparticles revealed that their surface is modified by organic constituents from extracts, and thus they are stabilized in solution without any additional reaction. Images from transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscope indicate that AA.AgNPs are in clusters with the size of 8–52 nm almost possessing oval shape, while SD.AgNPs are smaller size of 5-45 nm separated well in diversified shapes (spherical, triangle, quadrilateral and hexagonal). Moreover, both AA.AgNPs and SD.AgNPs exhibit the highly antifungal effect against Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and the most strong impact on Fusarium oxysporum. For these obtained results, two new silver nanoparticles are promising fungicides for various applications of medical and agricultural fields. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Nanomaterials in Applied Sciences)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Review

Jump to: Research

13 pages, 3848 KiB  
Review
Nanoscale Topographies for Corneal Endothelial Regeneration
by Nello Formisano, Gozde Sahin, Pere Català, Roman Truckenmüller, Rudy M. M. A. Nuijts, Mor M. Dickman, Vanessa L. S. LaPointe and Stefan Giselbrecht
Appl. Sci. 2021, 11(2), 827; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11020827 - 17 Jan 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 5485
Abstract
The corneal endothelium is the innermost layer of the cornea that selectively pumps ions and metabolites and regulates the hydration level of the cornea, ensuring its transparency. Trauma or disease affecting human corneal endothelial cells (hCECs) can result in major imbalances of such [...] Read more.
The corneal endothelium is the innermost layer of the cornea that selectively pumps ions and metabolites and regulates the hydration level of the cornea, ensuring its transparency. Trauma or disease affecting human corneal endothelial cells (hCECs) can result in major imbalances of such transport activity with consequent deterioration or loss of vision. Since tissue transplantation from deceased donors is only available to a fraction of patients worldwide, alternative solutions are urgently needed. Cell therapy approaches, in particular by attempting to expand primary culture of hCECs in vitro, aim to tackle this issue. However, existing cell culture protocols result in limited expansion of this cell type. Recent studies in this field have shown that topographical features with specific dimensions and shapes could improve the efficacy of hCEC expansion. Therefore, potential solutions to overcome the limitation of the conventional culture of hCECs may include recreating nanometer scale topographies (nanotopographies) that mimic essential biophysical cues present in their native environment. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge and understanding of the effect of substrate topographies on the response of hCECs. Moreover, we also review the latest developments for the nanofabrication of such bio-instructive cell substrates. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Nanomaterials in Applied Sciences)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop