Special Issue "Optimization for Biofuel Production Process"

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental and Sustainable Science and Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 January 2020).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Maurizio Carlini
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
DEIM, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
Interests: Heat transfer modelling; Renewable energy systems; Biofuels; Stirling engines; Disposal of plastic wastes and vegetable exhausted oil.
Dr. Sonia Castellucci
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Economics, Engineering, Society and Enterprise (DEIM), University of Tuscia, 4, 01100 Viterbo VT, Italy
Interests: process simulation; renewable energy systems; TRNSYS, COMSOL; biomass energy characterization; CIRDER; designing biofuel
Prof. Dr. Danilo Monarca
E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Department of Agriculture and Forest Sciences (DAFNE) University of Tuscia, Via San Camillo De Lellis, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
Interests: renewable energies; forestry and agricultural mechanization; safety and health in agriculture; processing plants and food quality
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Contemporary awareness of energy around the world has been influenced by new targets to achieve environmental pollution reduction and renewable waste management. Biofuel represents an alternative energy source to fossil-based fuels, in accordance with the newest WtE (Waste to Energy) policies and applications. Solid, liquid, and gaseous biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, and biomethane obtained from biomasses should be considered as a suitable solution to reduce the emission of pollutants from petroleum-based fuel exploitation. Biofuel production processes are as varied as the types of biomass used to produce each biofuel. The aim of this Special Issue is to highlight those articles related to the optimization of biofuel production processes, by means of experimental analysis but also through the simulation of the whole production procedure. Furthermore, alternative biomasses conversion into biofuel and related pretreatments to optimize the overall conversion rate should also be investigated.

Prof. Dr. Maurizio Carlini
Dr. Sonia Castellucci
Prof. Dr. Danilo Monarca
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biodiesel
  • bioethanol
  • biogas
  • biomethane
  • biomass
  • production processes
  • pre-treatments

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Feasibility Assessment of a Bioethanol Plant in the Northern Netherlands
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(21), 4586; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214586 - 28 Oct 2019
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 802
Abstract
Due to the exhaustion and increased pressure regarding the environmental and political aspects of fossil fuels, the industrial focus has switched towards renewable energy resources. Lignocellulosic biowaste can come from several sources, such as industrial waste, agricultural waste, forestry waste, and bioenergy crops [...] Read more.
Due to the exhaustion and increased pressure regarding the environmental and political aspects of fossil fuels, the industrial focus has switched towards renewable energy resources. Lignocellulosic biowaste can come from several sources, such as industrial waste, agricultural waste, forestry waste, and bioenergy crops and processed into bioethanol via a biochemical pathway. Although much research has been done on the ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass, the economic viability of a bioethanol plant in the Northern Netherlands is yet unknown, and therefore, examined. In this thesis, the feasibility study of a bioethanol plant treating sugar beet pulp, cow manure, and grass straw is conducted using the simulation software SuperPro Designer. Results show that it is not economically viable to treat the tested lignocellulosic biomass for the production of bioethanol, since all three original cases result in a negative net present value (NPV). An alternative would be to exclude the pretreatment step from the process. Although this results in a lower production of bioethanol per year, the plant treating sugar beet pulp (SBP) and grass straw (GS) becomes economically viable since the costs have significantly decreased. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimization for Biofuel Production Process)
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