Next Article in Journal
“Shutdown” of the Proton Exchange Channel Waveguide in the Phase Modulator under the Influence of the Pyroelectric Effect
Previous Article in Journal
Radioactivity and Heavy Metals Concentration in Italian (Calabrian) DOC Wines
Open AccessArticle

Feasibility Assessment of a Bioethanol Plant in the Northern Netherlands

Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Groningen, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(21), 4586; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214586
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 28 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimization for Biofuel Production Process)
Due to the exhaustion and increased pressure regarding the environmental and political aspects of fossil fuels, the industrial focus has switched towards renewable energy resources. Lignocellulosic biowaste can come from several sources, such as industrial waste, agricultural waste, forestry waste, and bioenergy crops and processed into bioethanol via a biochemical pathway. Although much research has been done on the ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass, the economic viability of a bioethanol plant in the Northern Netherlands is yet unknown, and therefore, examined. In this thesis, the feasibility study of a bioethanol plant treating sugar beet pulp, cow manure, and grass straw is conducted using the simulation software SuperPro Designer. Results show that it is not economically viable to treat the tested lignocellulosic biomass for the production of bioethanol, since all three original cases result in a negative net present value (NPV). An alternative would be to exclude the pretreatment step from the process. Although this results in a lower production of bioethanol per year, the plant treating sugar beet pulp (SBP) and grass straw (GS) becomes economically viable since the costs have significantly decreased. View Full-Text
Keywords: lignocellulosic biowaste; bioethanol; plant design; saccharification; co-fermentation; viability lignocellulosic biowaste; bioethanol; plant design; saccharification; co-fermentation; viability
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Achinas, S.; Leenders, N.; Krooneman, J.; Euverink, G.J.W. Feasibility Assessment of a Bioethanol Plant in the Northern Netherlands. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 4586. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214586

AMA Style

Achinas S, Leenders N, Krooneman J, Euverink GJW. Feasibility Assessment of a Bioethanol Plant in the Northern Netherlands. Applied Sciences. 2019; 9(21):4586. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214586

Chicago/Turabian Style

Achinas, Spyridon; Leenders, Nienke; Krooneman, Janneke; Euverink, Gerrit J.W. 2019. "Feasibility Assessment of a Bioethanol Plant in the Northern Netherlands" Appl. Sci. 9, no. 21: 4586. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214586

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop