Special Issue "Effects of Agricultural Management Practices on Soil Fertility and Microbiome Structure"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (25 September 2023) | Viewed by 2726
Interests: plant growth promotion; plant–microbe interaction; sulfur oxidation; insect gut microbiota; soil microbiota; microbiome of contaminated environment; molecular microbial taxonomy
Interests: plant growth promotion; plant-microbe interaction; bioactive compounds; soil microbial diversity; insect gut ecology; Streptomyces
Interests: plant growth promotion; plant–microbe interaction; Methylobacterium plant interaction; bacteriophage; biological control; abiotic stress management
Soil is of fundamental importance for food production since it provides resources enabling crop cultivation. Soil is a non-renewable resource, since the process of soil formation is extremely slow. Increased grain production is crucially dependent on chemical fertiliser inputs that can address the nutrient shortfall in order to feed the growing population. The formation of soil, the mineralization of nutrients, and the turnover of soil organic matter are all closely regulated by soil microbes. Intense agrochemical use, short crop rotations, and ploughing led to a deep intensification of agricultural practises that result in erosion, loss of soil fertility, and a build-up of soil-borne plant diseases. Crop production and health are closely related to soil microbial communities, which are important participants in ecosystem processes.
Agriculture depends, in part, on the close relationships that exist between plants and the microbes that coexist with plant roots. These microbial communities in the rhizosphere are different from those in the rest of the soil and are much more crucial to the health and uptake of nutrients by plants. Additionally, the use of pesticides and agrochemicals may damage the good soil microbiota and result in the development of phytopathogen resistance. The impact of farming practises, including tillage methods and fertiliser intensities, on soil microbiomes is currently poorly understood. For agricultural farming practises to be more effective and for planned sustainability to be achieved, a deeper comprehension of these interrelationships is required.
Dr. Rangasamy Anandham
Dr. Polpass Arul Jose
Dr. Murugaiyan Senthilkumar
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- farming practices
- crop rotation
- conservation agriculture
- cover crops
- ampilicon sequencing
- rhizosphere-inhabiting microbes