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Open AccessArticle

The Use of Halophytic Companion Plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) on Some Growth, Fruit, and Biochemical Parameters of Strawberry Plants under Salt Stress

1
Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, Sanliurfa 63300, Turkey
2
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, Sanliurfa 63300, Turkey
3
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, Sanliurfa 63300, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Agnieszka Hanaka, Jolanta Jaroszuk-Ściseł and Małgorzata Majewska
Horticulturae 2021, 7(4), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7040063
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 21 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Study of the Influence of Abiotic and Biotic Stress Factors on Plants)
Strawberry is a salt-sensitive plant adversely affected by slightly or moderately saline conditions. The growth, fruit, and biochemical parameters of strawberry plants grown under NaCl (0, 30, 60, and 90 mmol L−1) conditions with or without a halophytic companion plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) were elucidated in a pot experiment. Salt stress negatively affected the growth, physiological (stomatal conductance and electrolyte leakage), and biochemical parameters such as chlorophyll contents (chl-a and chl-b); proline, hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde, catalase, and peroxidase enzyme activities; total soluble solids; and lycopene and vitamin C contents, as well as the mineral uptake, of strawberry plants. The companionship of P. oleracea increased fresh weight, dry weight, and fruit average weight, as well as the total fruit yield of strawberry plants along with improvements of physiological and biochemical parameters. This study showed that the cultivation of P. oleracea with strawberry plants under salt stress conditions effectively increased strawberry fruit yield and quality. Therefore, we suggest that approaches towards the use of P. oleracea could be an environmentally friendly method that should be commonly practiced where salinity is of great concern. View Full-Text
Keywords: abiotic stress; strawberry; companion plants; phytoremediation abiotic stress; strawberry; companion plants; phytoremediation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karakas, S.; Bolat, I.; Dikilitas, M. The Use of Halophytic Companion Plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) on Some Growth, Fruit, and Biochemical Parameters of Strawberry Plants under Salt Stress. Horticulturae 2021, 7, 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7040063

AMA Style

Karakas S, Bolat I, Dikilitas M. The Use of Halophytic Companion Plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) on Some Growth, Fruit, and Biochemical Parameters of Strawberry Plants under Salt Stress. Horticulturae. 2021; 7(4):63. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7040063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karakas, Sema; Bolat, Ibrahim; Dikilitas, Murat. 2021. "The Use of Halophytic Companion Plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) on Some Growth, Fruit, and Biochemical Parameters of Strawberry Plants under Salt Stress" Horticulturae 7, no. 4: 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae7040063

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